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《英美概况》试题(附答案).doc

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《英美概况》 I.MultipleChoices:Chooseonerightanswerfromthefourchoices:   1.ThehighestmountaininBritainis. A.ScafellB.BenNevisC.theCotswoldsD.theForth   2.ThelongestriverinBritainis.   A.theClydeB.theMerseyC.theSevernD.theThames 3.ThelargestlakeinBritainis.  A.theLoughNeageB.WindermereWaterC.

ConistonWaterD.theLakeDistrict   4.WhichpartofBritainisalwaysfighting?   A.EnglandB.ScotlandC.WalesD.NorthemIreland   5.TheimmigrantscomingtoBritainaremainlyfrom.  A.EuropeB.theUnitedStatesC.AfricaD.theWestIndies,   6.ThefirstinhabitantsinBritainwere.  A.theNormansB.theCeltsC.theIberiansD。

theAngloSaxons   7.BritishRecordedhistorybeganwith.  A.RomaninvasionB.theNormanConquest  C.theVikingandDanishinvasionD.theAngloSaxonsinvasion  8.In829,actuallybecametheoverlordofalltheEnglish.   A.JohnB.JamesIC.EgbertD.HenryI  9.ChristmasDay,DukeWilliamwascrownedinWestminsterAbbey.   A.1056B.1066C.1006D.1060  10.HenryIIwasthefirstkingofthedynasty.   A.WindsorB.TudorC.MalcolmD.Plantagenet  11.In1265summonedtheGreatCouncil。

whichhasbeenseenastheearliestparliament. A.HenryIIIB.thePopeC.BaronsD.SimondeMontfort 12.TheHundredYears’warstartedinandendedin,inwhichtheEnglishhadlostalltheterritoriesofFranceexcepttheFrenchportof.  A.1337,1453,FlandersB.1337,1453,CalaisC.1346,1453,ArgencourtD.1346,1453,Brest 13.TheWarsofRoseslastedforyearsandkingwasreplacedbyking。

 A.30,RichardIII,HenryTudorB.50,RichardIII,HenryTudor B.C.30,RichardI,HenryTudorD.50,RichardI,HenryTudor 14.TheRenaissancebeganinintheearlycentury. A.England,14B.England,15C.Italy,14D.Italy,15   15.TheEnglishCivilWarisalsocalled. A.theGloriousRevolutionB.theBloodyRevolution  C.theCatholicRevolutionD。

thePuritanRevolution   16.In,asmallgroupofPuritanssailedfromintheMayflowertobethefirstsettlersintheNorthAmerica.  A.1620,LondonB.1620,PlymouthC.1720,LondonD.1720,Plymouth 17.Inthe18thcentury,thereappearedinEngland,whichowedagreatdealtotheinventionofmachines.  A.theIndustrialRevolutionB.theBourgeoisRevolution C。

theWarsoftheRosesD.theReligiousReformation 18.Englishcolonialexpansionbeganwiththecolonizationofin1583.   A.CanadaB.AustraliaC.IndiaD.Newfoundland   19.wasfamousforhisabdicationbecauseofhismarriagewithadivorcedAmerican:   A.EdwardVIIIB.EdwardVIIC.GeorgeVID.GeorgeVII  20.InJanuaryBritainbecameamemberoftheEuropeanEconomicCommunity。

 A.1957B.1967C.1973D.1979  21.soonafter,Britainnotonlygaveupitseconmichegemonybutalsosufferedadeeplossofitspositionofindustrialleadership.  A.1900B.theFirstWorldWarC.theSecondWorldWarD.1960  22.Inthe1970samongthedevelopedcountries,Britainmaintainedthelowestrateandthehighestrate.   A.inflation。

growthB.growth,inflationC.growth,divorceD.growth,birth 23.ThefollowingareallreasonsofBritishdeclineofcoalindustryexcept. A.theexhaustionofoldminesB.costlyextraction B.C.littlemoneybeinginvestedD.thelabourshortage   24.Britain’sforeigntradeismainlywith. A.developingcountriesB.otherCommonwealthcountries C。

otherdevelopedcountriesD.EC 25.TheHouseofLordsispresidedoverby. A.theLordChancellorB.theQueenC.theArchbishopofCanterburyD.thePrimeMinister   26.AGeneralElectionisheldeveryyearsandtherearemembersofParliamentsareelected. A.five,600B.five,650C.five,651D.four,651 27.ThePrimeMinisterisappointedbyandheorshealwayssitsin。

 A.theArchbishopofCanterbury,theHouseofCommons  B.theArchbishopofCanterbury,theHouseofLords C.theQueen,theHouseofCommons D.theQueen,theHouseofLords   28.Theultimateauthorityforlawmakingresidesin.   A.theQueenB.theCabinetC.theHouseofLordsD.theHouseofCommons 29.ThesourcesofBritishlawinclude。

  A.statutes,commonlaw,equitylawandEuropeanCommunitylaw  B.statutes,commonlawandequitylaw  C.statutes,commonlawandEuropeanCommunitylaw  D.acompletecodeandstatutes  30.Incriminaltrialsbyjury,passessentencedanddecidetheissueofguiltorinnocence. A.thejudge,thejuryB.thejudge,thejudge  C.thejury。

thejuryD.theLordChancellor,thejury 31.triesthemostseriousoffencessuchasmurderandrobbery. A.Magistrates’courtsB.YouthcourtsC.districtcourtsD.TheCrownCourt   32.London’sMetropolitanPoliceForceisunderthecontrolof. A.theEnglandsecretariesB.theScottishSecretaries C.NorthernIrelandSecretariesD.theHomeSecretary 33。

TheNationalHealthServicewasestablishedintheUKinandbasedatfirston.  A.1948,ActsofParliamentB.1958,ActsofParliament  C.1948,theBillofRightsD.1958,theBillofRights   34.Thenoncontributorysocialsecuritybenefitsincludethefollowingexcept.   A.warpensionB.childbenefitC.familycreditD.unemploymentbenefit  35。

ExceptthatmaynotbeaRomanCatholic,publicofficesareopenwithoutdistinctiontomembersofallchurchsorofnone.   A.thelordChancellorB.thePrimeMinisterC.theSpeakerD.theministersofalldepartments 36.About90percentofthestatesecondaryschoolpopulationintheUKattend. A.independentschoolsB.juniorschoolsC.independentschoolsD。

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