• / 9

鞋类和玩具:反倾销的受害者【外文翻译】.doc

资源描述:
《鞋类和玩具:反倾销的受害者【外文翻译】.doc》由本站会员分享,支持在线阅读,更多《鞋类和玩具:反倾销的受害者【外文翻译】网友投稿.doc》相关的内容可在三九文库网上搜索。

本科毕业论文外文翻译外文题目:ShoesandToys:VictimsofAntiDumping出处:CHINASFOREIGNTRADE,2009,(12):3031作者:GuoLiqin原文:ShoesandToys:VictimsofAntiDumplingGuoLiqinTheantidumpingdutiesimposedonChinahavelongbeenasubjectofintensedispute.AccordingtostatisticsreleasedbytheWTO,Chinaisthecountrymostfrequentlytargetedbyothercountriesforantidumpinginvestigationagainstitsexports。

AnalyzedbyLehmanLee&Xu,thethirdlargestcorporatecommerciallawfirminChina,foreignantidumpingmeasuresagainstChinesegoodshasthefollowingcharacteristics.ThevarietyofChinesegoodsbroughtunderantidumpingmeasuresisincreasing.SincethefirstantidumpingcaseagainstChineseexports,mostChinesegoodsunderantidumpinginvestigationsgotolaborintensiveproductsoreasilyprocessedproducts。

involvingtextileproducts,clothing,lightindustryproducts,homeelectricappliances,hardware,chemicalproducts,mineralproducts,medicineandagriculturalproducts.ManycountrieshavefiledantidumpinglawsuitsagainstChina,suchasGermany,France,Italy,Japan,Mexico,Argentina,Venezuela,SouthAfrica,Nigeria,SouthAfrica,Nigeria,India,SouthKorea,NewZealandandTurkey。

SomecountriesimposedutiesataveryhighrateonChineseexports.In1993,MexicolaunchedlargescaleantidumpinginvestigationsagainstChineseexports,imposingtemporaryantidumpingduties315%percentontoysand1,105%onfootwear,thehighestrateeverset.Moreandmorecountriesarealsobeginningtobringreexportsunderthescopeofantidumpinginvestigations。

ThismeansthatexportsoriginallymadeinChinaanddirectlyorindirectlyexportedthroughHongKongorotherregionstothetargetcountryarealsobecomingtheirantidumpinginvestigationtargetsasmorecountriesareadoptingtheruleoftheoriginofproductsasbeingthetargetofantidumpingsuits.Toys,pressurealsofromdevelopingcountriesIndia’sFederationofChambersofCommerceandIndustrysaidonJune14asurveyof110smallandmediumsizedmanufacturersfoundthatabouttwothirdshadsufferedaseriouserosionoftheirIndianmarketshareoverthepastyear。

becauseofcheaperChineseproducts.Initsstatement,FICCIsaidtheChineseimportswerebetween10and70percentcheaperthancomparableIndianproducts,apricedifferentialthatitsaidwas“hugeanddifficulttoexplain”.AmitMitra,theFICCI’ssecretarygeneral,saidIndianindustrieswerebeinghurtby“typicalChinesepredatorypricing”intendedtodriverivalsoutofbusinesssothatChinesecompaniescouldcapturethemarket–andthenraisepricestomorenormallevels。

IndianmanufacturersfaceseriouscompetitivedisadvantagesincomparisonwithChina,includingpoorinfrastructureandrigidlaborlawsthatperverselydiscouragecompaniesfromgrowingandinsteadpromoteinefficientfragmentation.ChinaexportedUS$8.4billiontoIndiainthefirstfourmonthsthisyear,13percentdeclinecomparedwiththelastyear。

accordingtothedatafromChina’sMinistryofCommerce.Meanwhile,statisticsfromIndia’sMinistryofCommerceandIndustryalsoshowthatitsimportfromChinastillremainstable,takingupoveronetenthofitstotalimport,despiteofthecontextofglobaleconomiccrisis.InJanuary,NewDelhiannouncedasixmonthbanontheimportofChinesetoys,citingconcernsabouttheirsafety。

afterIndiantoymakerscomplainedthatsuchplaythingshadgrabbedthelion’sshareofthecountry’sUS$2.5bntoymarket.However,thebanwasliftedafterjusttwomonths,afterBeijingthreatenedtotaketheissuetotheWTO.India’ssmallandmediumenterpriseshavewarnedthattheyaresufferingbecauseofcheapimportsfromChina.TheyareurgingNewDelhitoaccelerateantidumpinginvestigationsandimposetoughersafetyandqualitychecksonChineseproducts。

TheappealforgreatergovernmentprotectioncameamidrisingtensionsbetweenNewDelhiandBeijingovertrade,afterahighprofiledisputeoveranIndianbanonChinesemadetoys.NotonlyIndia,increasedprotectionismintheUSandtheEU,wheremostofGuangdong’stoyshavebeenexported,Russia,Mexico,BrazilandArgentinahaveforthetimebeingintroducedantidumpingmeasuresagainsttoyimportsfromChina。

citingvariousexcuses,accordingtoLiZhuoming,deputychairmanoftheGuangdongToyAssociation.Actually,startingfrom2006,Chinesetoymanufactureshadfeltthepinchfromdiverseedgedpressures.“Wehaveworrieseveryyear.Weworriedabouttheshortsupplyofworkerslastyearandnowweareconcernedabouttheforeignmarketshrinkingduetotradeprotectionisminmanywesterncountries。

”LinRuorong,ownerofatoyfactoryinthecityofZhongshansaid.HisfactorymanufacturesstuffedtoysforexporttoEuropeandtheUnitedStates.“TheUS’stoyimportsfromChinahavebeendecreasingoverthepastcoupleofyearsandtheEuropeanUnionhasraiseditsmarketthresholdforChina’stoyproducts,”hesaid.“Thatmeansmybusinessishardlyabletosurvive。

”Whatwasworse,Lisaid,wasthatthepriceriseofrawmaterialsandtheriseinworkers’wagewouldfurthernarrowprofit.Thereisconsensusthattappingintodomesticmarketandresorttoinnovationofthewholeindustryistheonlywayout.ToChina’sdelight,manytoymanufacturersinShantou,Guangdongprovincehavesuccessfullyupgradedtheirproductsandeventhriveduringtheinternationalfinancialcrisis。

Footwear,priceadvantageencounterschallengesChineseleathershoesareforlongtimethevictimofEUantidumpingsanctions,andtherelevantbarrierstakeplacefrequently.OnOctober7,2006,theEuropeanUniononChineseshoesantidumpingsanctionsonChineseleathershoesoriginatingintheintroductionoftheproductforaperiodof2yearsof16。

5percentantidumpingduties,despiteMOFCOMspokesmanChongQuansaidthattherewasnodumpinginexportofChineseshoes,andtheexportedshoesdidnotcauseessentialdamagetoEUindustry.ItisremarkablydiscriminationtorefuserecognizingtheeconomicstatusandlegalbasisofallChineseenterpriseswhorespondedtotheantidumpingcaseanddecidedtoimplement“allothersrate”toallinvolvedenterprises。

展开阅读全文
 温馨提示:
下载提示
关于本文
本文标题:鞋类和玩具:反倾销的受害者【外文翻译】.doc
链接地址:https://www.999doc.com/661344.html
关于我们 - 网站声明 - 网站地图 - 资源地图 - 友情链接 - 联系我们

copyright © 2016-2021  999doc三九文库网 版权所有

经营许可证编号:苏ICP备2020069977号  网站客服QQ:772773258  联系电话:0518-83073133