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高考英语阅读理解题型及解题技巧ppt.ppt

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阅读理解题型及解题技巧,主讲:张生伟,1,题型及解题技巧,2,1,2,3,4,5,6,主旨大意,细节理解,观点态度,篇章结构,推理判断,猜测词义,阅读技巧,3,细节理解,4,本类试题主要考查学生对阅读材料中的某一特定细节或文章的主要事实的理解能力。问题包括询问人(who)、物(what)、时间(when)、地点(where)、原因(cause)、结果(effect)、文中的数据(data)等。新闻、说明文、广告信息等常常考查这些细节。,常见问题形式有:Whichofthefollowingistrue/falseexcept?Whichofthefollowingismentionedexcept。

三正一误,三误一正,5,1.Accordingtothepassage,who/what/which/when/Where/why/how/howmany/howmuch/howlong/Howsoon/howoften,etc.?2.Accordingtothepassage,whichofthefollowingistrue/nottrue?3.Accordingtothepassage,Whichofthefollowingisnotmentioned?4.AllofthefollowingaretrueEXCEPT.5.Inthepassagethewriterstatesthat.6.Choosethebestorderinwhichthepeopledo.。

6,2.定义;3.比较;.年代与数字5.原因和结果,此类试题的答案一般可以在文章中直接或间接找到,但不可能与阅读材料一模一样。,SampleI,HooverDamlies.A.betweenArizonaandNevadaB.intheBlackCanyonC.betweenNewYorkandSanFranciscoD.bothAandB,7,ThishugedamisintheBlackCanyon.Itispossibletodriveacarfromonesideoftherivertotheotheronaroad,whichisonthetopofthedam.Thisdamissobigthatthereisanelevatorinside。

ThishugedamwascalledBoulderDamwhenitwasfinishedin1936.LateritwasrenamedHooverDaminhonorofapresidentoftheUnitedStates.HooverDam,oneofthehighestdamsintheworld,issituatedbetweenthestatesofArizonaandNevada.,8,2.定义;3.比较;.年代与数字5.原因和结果,此类试题的答案一般可以在文章中直接或间接找到,但不可能与阅读材料一模一样。,HooverDamlies.A.betweenArizonaandNevadaB。

intheBlackCanyonC.betweenNewYorkandSanFranciscoD.bothAandB,SampleI,9,SampleII,WhichofthefollowingisNOTtrue?A.LuoLinisanativeofShanghai.B.LuoLinmovedtoHongKongwithherparents.C.LuoLinwonthetitleofMissAsiain1991.D.AsiaTVStationhelpedLuoLintobecomeMissAsia.,10,MissLuoLin,MissAsiaof1991,BorninShanghaiandtakentoHongKongwhenshewasonlysixyearsold。

LuoLinhasneverdreamedofbeingMissAsia.Herchildhooddreamwastobeanairhostess.Beforeshetookpartinthecompetition,shehadbeenanairhostessinCathayAirlineforsevenyears.However,itstilltookherthreemonthstolearntheartofwalkingonthestage,dancing,singing,makingupandotherpropermanners,designedbytheAsiaTVStation.,11。

SampleII,WhichofthefollowingisNOTtrue?A.LuoLinisanativeofShanghai.B.LuoLinmovedtoHongKongwithherparents.C.LuoLinwonthetitleofMissAsiain1991.D.AsiaTVStationhelpedLuoLintobecomeMissAsia.,moved,12,MissLuoLin,MissAsiaof1991,BorninShanghaiandtakentoHongKongwhenshewasonlysixyearsold,LuoLinhasneverdreamedofbeingMissAsia。

Herchildhooddreamwastobeanairhostess.Beforeshetookpartinthecompetition,shehadbeenanairhostessinCathayAirlineforsevenyears.However,itstilltookherthreemonthstolearntheartofwalkingonthestage,dancing,singing,makingupandotherpropermanners,designedbytheAsiaTVStation.,taken,13,Accordingtoscientists,theDIRECTcauseofmoreandfiercerstormsis。

Agreenhousegasemissions(散发)inindustrializednationsBhighersurfacewatertemperaturesoftheseaCcontinuousglobalwarmingDrisingsealevels,SampleII,14,reportedtotheEarthPolicyInstitutethatthenationsufferedanunusauallyhighnumberoffiercestormsinthepasttenyears.Manyscientistsconnecthighersurfacewatertemperaturesresultingfromglobalwarmingtogreaterandmoredamagingstorms。

connect,to,15,Accordingtoscientists,theDIRECTcauseofmoreandfiercerstormsis.Agreenhousegasemissions(散发)inindustrializednationsBhighersurfacewatertemperaturesoftheseaCcontinuousglobalwarmingDrisingsealevels,SampleII,16,LaupepawasnotsatisfiedwiththeUnitedStatesbecauseitdidnot.A.agreetoreduceitsgreenhousegasemissionsBsignanagreementwithTuvaluCallowTuvaluanstomovetotheUSD。

believetheproblemsfacingTuvaluwerereal,SampleIII,17,LaupepaexpresseddissatisfactionwiththeUnitedStatesforrefusingtosigntheKyotoProtocol,aninternationalagreementcallingforindustrializednationstoreducetheirgreenhousegasemissions,whichareamaincauseofglobalwarming.“Byrefusingtosigntheagreement,theUShaseffectivelytakenawaythefreedomoffuturegenerationsofTuvaluantolivethere。

”LaupepatoldtheBBC.,18,LaupepawasnotsatisfiedwiththeUnitedStatesbecauseitdidnot.A.agreetoreduceitsgreenhousegasemissionsBsignanagreementwithTuvaluCallowTuvaluanstomovetotheUSD.believetheproblemsfacingTuvaluwerereal,SampleIII,(故意用与原文中一模一样的词来迷惑考生),?,19,JackLondonslastdayswere.A.usualonesB.notpooronesC.richonesD.unhappyones。

SampleIV,20,JackLondonwasafamousAmericanwriter.Heburnedhimselfoutwhenhewas40.Hethoughtofhismother,Flora,whohadneverbeenaveryresponsibleperson.Hewassureshewasmentallyillandthathewasbecominglikeher.Atlasthebecametootiredtocare.Hewouldnotworkandcontinuedtospendmoneyhedidnothave.Hewouldnotchangehislife,

orhiswriting,perhapshecouldnot.,21,JackLondonslastdayswere.A.usualonesB.notpooronesC.richonesD.unhappyones,SampleIV,22,YouhavetopayatleastayearifyoustudyattheUniversityofWaikato.A.$5,250B.$8,000C.$9,000D.$11,000,SampleV,23,TuitionFees(学费)Tuitionfeesaredifferentfromdepartmenttodepartment,generallyfrom$5。

000to$6,000ayear.Forfurtherinformation:tuiwaikatoacnz.Accommodation(住宿)Youcanhavearoomina4bedroomflat,whichwillcostabout$100amonthwithotherregularlivingcostsofabout$150amonthforoneperson.Forfurtherinformation:accwaikatoacnz,24,$5000(学费)+$100(住宿费)x12(months)+$150(生活费)x12=$8000,YouhavetopayatleastayearifyoustudyattheUniversityofWaikato。

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