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高考英语阅读理解解题技巧和方法.ppt

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welcome,1,阅读理解高三解题指导,Readingcomprehension,2,高考大纲中关于阅读理解的要求,要求考生读懂简易的英语文学作品、科普文章、公告、说明、广告以及书、报、杂志中关于一般性话题的简短文章并回答相关问题。考生应能:、理解主旨要义;、理解文中具体信息;、根据上下文推断生词的词义;、作出简单判断和理解;、理解文章的基本结构;、理解作者的意图和态度;7、根据所读,用恰当的词语补全文章提纲、概括关键内容或作要词词语转换。,3,主旨大意型,事实细节型,词义猜测型,命题类,推理判断型,4,2010年高考阅读理解推理判断题型中要求考生能把握文脉逻辑关系句与句、段与段之间的逻辑关系。

5,ReadingComprehensionInferenceQuestions,阅读理解专题推理判断题,6,阅读推理判断题,推断题分类,7,1.Questionforms:Itcanbeinferredfromthetextthat.Fromthetextweknowthatismostlikely.Whenthewritertalksabout,whatthewriterreallymeansis.Thewritersuggeststhat.Thestoryimpliesthat.Wecaninferconcludefromthepassagethat.这类题干中通常含有infer,suggest。

imply,conclude等标志性词语。,一、如何推断隐含意义,2.技巧点拨1).全面分析2).忠实原文3).不要选择表层信息,8,1.Didyoueverhearastrangesoundcomingfromthewall?Diditsoundlikeaclock?Ifso,itmayhavebeenmadebyabeetle.Longagopeoplethoughtthetickingmeantthatsomeonewasabouttodie.Thusthebeetleiscalledthedeathwatchbeetle.(1分钟)Thesoundofthisbeetle.A.pleasedpeople。

B.surprisedpeople.C.frightenedpeople.D.excitedpeople.,Practice:,9,2.Itisfuntoturnoverabigrockonthebeach.Makesureyouturntherockbacktothepositionitwasinafteryoumovedit.Ifyoudontturnitbackover,alltheseaanimalsunderitorclingingto(依附)theundersidewilldie.(1.5分钟)Youcantellthatrocks.A.hurtseaanimalsB.protectseaanimalsC。

wontbefoundonbeachesD.cantbefoundonbeaches,10,二、如何推断作者观点和态度:,1.Questionforms:Thewritersattitudetowardis.Thewriterthoughtthat.Accordingtotheauthor.,2.技巧点拨注意作者表达感情色彩的形容词、副词、动词及所举的例子,推断出作者的弦外之音。,11,1.(江西卷)Justascryingcanbehealthy,notcryingholdingbacktearsofanger,painorsufferingcanbebadforphysical(身体的)health。

Studieshaveshownthattoomuchcontrolofemotionscanleadtohighbloodpressure,heartproblemsandsomeotherillnesses.Ifyouhaveahealthproblem,doctorswillcertainlynotaskyoutocry.Butwhenyoufeellikecrying,dontfightit.Itsanaturalandhealthyemotionalresponse(反应).(2分钟)Accordingtotheauthor,whichofthefollowingstatementsistrue?A。

Cryingisthebestwaytogethelpfromothers.B.Fightingbacktearsmaycausesomehealthproblems.C.Wewillneverknowourdeepfeelingsunlesswecry.D.Wemustcryifwewanttoreducepressure.,12,2.Whyisntyournewspaperreportinganygoodnews?AllIreadaboutismurder,bribery(行贿),anddeath.Frankly,Imsickofallthebadnews.Thisauthorsattitudetowardsthenewspaperreportingisto。

A.complainB.apologizeC.amuseD.inform,13,说明文中作者的态度:objectiveneutral在议论文中,有:(1)positive(2)negative(3)neutral(4)approval(5)disapproval(6)indifferent(7)ironic(8)critical(9)optimistic(10)pessimistic,客观的,消极的,漠不关心的,赞成的,不赞成的,乐观的,悲观的,Takingnotes:,中立的,积极的,讽刺的,批评的,中立的,14,三、如何推断写作目的,1.Questionforms:(1)考查整篇文章的写作目的A。

Thewriterspurposeofwritingthispassageisto.B.Whatisthepurposeofwritingthisarticle?C.Inwritingthepassage,theauthorintendsto.,15,(2)考查某处细节的写作意图A.Thewriterusestheexampleoftoshowthat.B.Thewriterusesthetwoquestionsatthebeginningofthepassageto.C.arementionedinthefirstparagraphto.,16,2.常见的写作目的归纳不同的文章可能有不同的写作目的。

但写作目的通常有以下三种:(1)toentertainreaders(娱乐读者,让人发笑)(2)topersuadereaders(说服读者接受某种观点)(3)toinformreaders(告知读者某些信息),常见于故事类的文章。tomakepeoplelaugh;totellaninterestingexperience,常见于广告类的文章。tosellaproductoraservice;toattractmorevisitors/readers/audience,多见于科普类新闻报道类文化类或社会类的文章.,17,1.“Haveyoueverbeenoutonaboatandfeltitliftedupbyawave?Orhaveyoujumpedinthewaterandfelttherushofenergyaswavescameoveryou?”askedJamieTayloroftheWaveEnergyGroupattheUniversityofEdinburgh。

“Thereiscertainlyalotofenergyinwaves,”hesaid.(1.5分钟)Thewriterusesthetwoquestionsatthebeginningofthepassageto.A.testthereadersknowledgeaboutwavesB.drawthereadersattentiontothetopicC.showJamieTaylorsimportanceD.invitethereaderstoanswerthem,18,2.AyoungmanfromavillagecalledNawalapitiyamarriedayoungwomanfromMaliyuwa。

anearbyvillage.Theylivedwiththemansbigfamilyhisparents,hisbrothers,theirwivesandchildren.Thefamilykeptanelephant,inwhichtheyoungwomansoontookagreatinterest.Everydayshefeditwithfruitandsugar.Threemonthslaterthewomanwentbacktoherparentshome,havingquarreledwithherhusband.Soontheelephantrefusedtoeatorwork。

Itappearedtobeillandheartbroken.Onemorningafterseveralweekstheanimaldisappearedfromthehouse.Itwenttothewomanshome.Onseeingher,theelephantwaveditstrunkandtouchedherwithit.Theyoungwomanwassomovedbytheactoftheanimalthatshereturnedtoherhusbandshome.(3分钟)Thewriterwrotethestoryinorderto.A.showthatelephantsareverycleverB。

tellhowawomantrainedawildanimalC.showthatwomencaremoreforanimalsthanmendoD.tellhowananimalreunitedahusbandandwife,19,1.Questionforms:Thepassageismostlikelytobetakenfrom.Wherewouldthispassagemostprobablyappear?Thepassageismostlikelyapartof.,四、如何推断文章出处,20,2.解题技巧这类问题应从文章的内容或结构来判断其出处:(1)报纸:前面会出现日期、地点或通讯社名称(2)广告:因其格式特殊。

容易辨认(3)产品说明:器皿、设备的使用说明会有产品名称或操作方式,而药品的服用说明会告知服用时间、次数、药量等,21,1.(全国卷)Doyoualwaysunderstandthedirectionsonabottleofmedicine?Doyouknowwhatismeantby“Takeonlyasdirected?”Readthefollowingdirectionsandseeifyouunderstandthem.Toreducepain,taketwotablets(药片)withwater,followedbyonetableteveryeighthours,asrequired。

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