• / 26

高考英语阅读猜词解题技巧训练.ppt

资源描述:
《高考英语阅读猜词解题技巧训练.ppt》由本站会员分享,支持在线阅读,更多《高考英语阅读猜词解题技巧训练优质整理.ppt》相关的内容可在三九文库网上搜索。

高考英语阅读思路分析与解题方法猜词,1,词义理解题常见的题型有:Theauthorusestheword“”tomean.Theunderlinedword(phrase,term)“”means.Accordingtothepassage,theword“”properlymeans.Theword“”inparagraphrefersto.By“”,theauthormeans.whichofthefollowingisclosestinmeaningto“”?Whatis“”?,2,方法:1返回原文,找出该词汇出现的地方;2注意结合上下文,理解该词的意思;3可判断该词汇是否超纲,如果是纲内词汇。

则字面意思必然不是正确答案;4词汇的正确答案,经常蕴藏在原文该词出现的前后,3,GuessingUnknownWords/Vocabulary(猜词)Definitionandexplanation利用定义和解释猜测词义;Eg.Heisaresoluteman.Oncehemakesuphismindtodosomething,hewontgiveituphalfway.Theunderlinedwordmeans.A.strongB.firmC.kindD.clever,4,Ex.1Apersonwhoisskilledatmakingorrepairingwoodenobjectsiscalledacarpenter。

Hisuncleisazoologist,anexpertwhodoesresearchonanimals.Theherdsman,wholooksaftersheep,earnsabout650yuanayear.Weareonthenightshiftfrommidnightto8a.m.thisweek.,木匠,动物学家,牧人,夜班,5,2)Experience根据普通常识和经验推测生词的词义Eg.Mr.BrownisnowworkingatPrincetonUniversityfarawayfromhome.Forthisreasonhehastorentaroomneartheofficewhereheworks。

A.toworktoliveB.toeattoliveC.toteachtoliveD.topaytouse,6,Agoodteacherworksinquiteadifferentway.Hisaudiencetakeanactivepartinhisplay:theyaskandanswerquestions,theyobeyorders,andiftheydontunderstandsomething,theysayso.Theword“audience”intheparagraphmeans.A.studentsB.peoplewhowatchaplayC.peoplewhoactonthestageD。

peoplewholistentosomething,7,3)RelatedInformation即根据上下文的语境来猜测生词的词义。Theofficialaskedthemanwhathisoccupationwas.Themantoldhimthatheworkedasanengineer.A.workB.studyC.nameD.interest,workedasanengineer.,8,4)GuessingfromComparisonandContrast根据上下文中的比较、对照关系猜测词义;Thosenewcomerswerenotusedtothelifeinthesuburbswhichwassodifferentfromthatinsidethecity。

A.townB.capitalC.countryD.house,thecity,9,Ex.2Inthepasttheworldseemedtoruninanorderlyway.Now,however,everythingseemstobeinastateofturmoil.Ifyouagree,write“yes”;ifyoudissent,write“no”.,混乱,不同意,10,Rubbercanbemadetostretchmorethanninetimesitsnormallengthbecauseitisveryelastic.Theriverissoturbidthatitisimpossibletoseethebottomevenwhenitisshallow。

弹性的,混浊的,11,5)Guessingwordfromdescriptionexemplification通过描述和例证猜词A)Youcantakeanyoftheperiodicals:TheWorldofEnglish,ForeignLanguageTeachinginSchools,orEnglishLearning.A.dictionariesB.storybooksC.magazinesD.newspapers,12,Insomecountrieswherethereisverylittlerain,thefarmershavetoirrigate,orwater,theirfields。

Allwhalesfallintotwogroups,thosewithteethandthosewithout,Dolphinsbelongtoodontoceti,thatistosay,theyaretoothedwhales.,灌溉,有牙齿的,13,6)GuessingwordfromSynonymandAntonym.通过同义词和反义词的关系猜词。Isheintelligentorstupid?MostwomeninGhanatheeducatedandilliterate,theurbanandrural,theyoungandoldworktoearnanincomeinadditiontomaintainingtheirrolesashousewivesandmothers。

Theirreputationforeconomicindependence,selfreliance,andhardworkiswellknownandwelldeserved.Theunderlinedword“illiterate”inthepassagemeans.A.RepeatedB.reiterated.CuneducatedD.sick,clever,14,“TheDaveyousawonTVwastherealDave,”saysfriendPatWilliams,“Hewasntagreatactororagreatspeaker.HewasjustJoeEverybody.”(02年E篇)74.“HewasjustJoeEverybody.”(inthelastparagraph)means.A.DavewasfamousB.DavewasordinaryC.DavewasshowyD.Davewasshy。

15,Whenadoctorperformsanoperationonapatient,heusuallygivesananaesthetictomakehimunconscious,becausehedoesnotwanthispatienttofeelpainortoknowwhatishappeningtohim.Whenyouthrowastoneintostillwaterofalake,youwillwatcharipplespreadinringsonthesurfaceofwater.,麻药,波纹,16,7)GuessingwordfromCauseandResult通过原因与

SinceIhavefinishedmypapernow,Iamgoingtogivemyselfatreattonight.Iamgoingtowatchamovieoncampus,anactionmoviecalled“FaceOff”.Theunderlinedwords“atreat”heremeans.A.anactionmovieB.somethingpleasanttoenjoyarestD.somethingnicetoeat,17,Ex.3Hessuchashrewdbusinessmanthathelosesnomoneyinanytrade.Shewantedthehairdressertotrimherhairabitbecauseitwastoolong。

精明的,修剪,18,8)Wordformation即根据前缀、后缀、复合、派生等构词知识判断生词的词义,(1)Overworkmaycausediseases.前缀over的意思是“过分的、过量的”故overwork的意思应为“工作过度”。(2)Therewasadissatisfiedlookinthemanagerseyes.satisfied的意思是“满意的”,前缀dis的意思是“不”,故dissatisfied的意思应该是“不满意的”。,19,However,tosucceedinlife,onefirstneedstosetagoalandthengraduallymakeitmorepractical。

And,inadditiontothat,inordertogetreallygoodatsomething,oneneedstospendatleast10,000hoursstudyingandpractising.Tobecomegreatatcertainthings,itllrequireevenmoretime,timethatmostpeoplewontputin.Theunderlinedword“that”refersto.A.beinggoodatsomethingB.settingapracticalgoalC.PuttinginmoretimeD.succeedinginlife。

20,theadvancedEPalsoheatstheroomevenly,walltowallandfloortoceiling.Itcomfortablycoversanareaupto350squarefeet.Otherheatersheatroomsunevenlywithmostoftheheatconcentratedtothecenteroftheroom.Andtheyonlyheatanareaafewfeetaroundtheheater.WiththeEP,thetemperaturewillnotvaryinanypartoftheroom.Theunderlinedword“evenly”probablymeans。

continuouslyB.separatelyC.quicklyD.equally,21,HeisOliverBarrettIV,arichjockeyfromastuffyWaspfamilyonhiswaytoaHarvarddegreeandacareerinlaw.SheisJerryCavilleri,awisecrackingworkingclassbeautystudyingmusicatRadcliffe.Theyareoppositesinnearlyeveryway.Buttheyfallinlove.Thisistheirstory.Whatdoestheauthortrytoexpressintheunderlinedsentence?A。

展开阅读全文
 温馨提示:
下载提示
关于本文
本文标题:高考英语阅读猜词解题技巧训练.ppt
链接地址:https://www.999doc.com/61506.html
关于我们 - 网站声明 - 网站地图 - 资源地图 - 友情链接 - 网站客服 - 联系我们

copyright © 2016-2021  999doc三九文库网 版权所有

经营许可证编号:苏ICP备2020069977号  网站客服QQ:772773258  联系电话:0518-83073133