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高考英语虚拟语气(23张ppt).ppt

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虚拟语气,高三语法复习,SubjunctiveMood,1,1.英语动词有三种语气,陈述语气,祈使语气和虚拟语气。2.定义:用来表示说的话不是事实,或者是不可能发生或可能性比较小的情况,而是一种愿望,建议,假设的语气叫虚拟语气。,一、虚拟语气定义,2,一、非真实条件句中的虚拟语气二、宾语从句中的虚拟语气三、主语从句中的虚拟语气四、表语从句、同位语从句中的虚拟语气五、几种特殊的虚拟语气,二、虚拟语气的主要内容,3,一、非真实条件句所表的假设则是不可能或不大可能发生或实现的,句中的条件从句与结果主句皆用虚拟语气。,4,考题点击:Iamnotfreetoday.IfIfreetoday,Iandvisitsomeofmyfriends。

A.amwillgoB.were,wouldgoC.shallbeD.be,mustgo2.IfmylawyerherelastSaturday,hemefromgoing.A.hadbeen,wouldhavepreventedB.hadbeen,wouldpreventC.were,wouldpreventD.were,wouldhaveprevented3.IfIweretoseeTom,whatyoumetotellhim?A.are,goingtoaskB.do,askC.would,askD.did,ask,B,A,C,5,注意1、陈述语气与虚拟语气典型例题1)Thevolleyballmatchwillbeputoffifit。

A.willrainB.rainsC.rainedD.israined2)Wouldyouhavecalledheruppossible?Yes,butIbusydoingmyhomework.A.haditbeenwasB.ifitwaswereC.ifithadbeenhadbeenD.ifitwerewouldbe,B,该句为陈述语气,因为主句用的是willbeputoff。真实条件句主句为将来时,从句用一般现在时代将来时。,问句中用的是虚拟语气,主句用wouldhavecalled,从句中与过去相反的动词形式为haddone;答句中表示的是真实的情况,所以该用陈述语气。,A,6,注意2.虚拟倒装句。

1.Wereit(=Ifitwere)notfortheirhelp,wecouldnthavegotoverthedifficulties.2.HadI(=IfIhad)knownaboutit,Iwouldhavetoldyou.3.Shouldanyone(=Ifanyoneshould)call,pleasetakeamessage.Whatwouldhavehappened,asfarastheriverbank?(01上海)BobhadwalkedfartherB.ifBobshouldwalkfartherC.hadBobwalkedfartherD.ifBobwalkedfarther。

C,7,注意3.错综条件句(主从句描述的时间不一致)Ifyouhimyesterday,youwhattodonow.askedwouldknowB.hadaskedwouldhaveknownC.askedhimknowD.hadaskedwouldknow,D,Ifyou(notbuy)theticketlastweek,howyougonow?IfI(be)you,I(take)hisadvicethen.,hadntbought,were,wouldhavetaken,would,8,注意4.含蓄虚拟条件句有时为了表达的需要,在虚拟语气中并不总是出现if引导的条件句,而通过其他代替条件句。

Iwasillthatday.Otherwise,Iwouldhavetakenpartinthesportsmeet.,Hetelephonedtoinformmeofyourbirthday,orIwouldhaveknownnothingaboutit.,Butforyourhelp,Iwouldnothavesucceeded.,Withoutyouhelp,Iwouldnthaveachievedsomuch.,9,Iwentbyplane;otherwiseImuchlongertime.A.couldtakeB.wouldtakeC.willhavetakenD.wouldhavetaken。

D,2.Withoutyourhelp,wesuchrapidprogress.A.couldntmakeB.wouldntmakeC.willnothavemadeD.wouldnthavemade3.Jackyet,otherwisehewouldhavephonedme.A.mustnthavearrivedB.shouldnthavearrivedC.canthavearrivedD.neednthavearrived,D,C,10,二、宾语从句中的虚拟语气1.“wish+宾语从句”“ifonly+句子”用在虚拟语气中,表不能实现的愿望,wish+宾语从句,1一般过去式(表“现在的假设”)2。

would/coulddo(表“将来的假设”)3.haddone或would/couldhavedone(表“过去的假设”),were,hadstudied,wouldrain,IwishI(be)astallasyou.IwishI(study)harderbefore.Iwishit(rain)tomorrow,11,Ifonly+从句!=HowIwish+从句!要是就好了1).Ifonlyhecouldcome!(他要能来就好了)=HowIwishhecouldcome!2).IfonlyIhadknowntheanswer!(我要早知答案就好了.)=HowIwishIhadknowntheanswer!比较ifonly与onlyif(只有)Iwakeuponlyifthealarmclockrings。

只有闹钟响了,我才会醒。Ifonlythealarmclockhadrung.,Ifonlyhequietlyasthedoctorinstructed,hewouldnotsuffersomuchnow.A.liesB.layC.hadlainD.shouldlie,C,(lie躺,lay,lain),12,2.在某些动词后的宾语从句中需用should+动词原形的虚拟语气形式。“should”可以省略。常见的动词有:一个坚持insist;两个命令order,command;三条建议suggest,advise,propose;四项要求demand,request,require,desire;注意:suggest表暗示表明时insist表坚持认为。

坚持说时不用虚拟语气,Heorderedthatthestudents(should)washtheclotheseveryweekbythemselves.Thedoctorsuggestedthatshe(should)haveanoperationatonce.,13,考题点击:,1.Iwenttobedearlylastnight,butIwishIso.A.didntdoB.hadntdoneC.haventdoneD.couldntdo2.HowIwisheveryfamilyalargehousewithabeautifulgarden.A.hasB.hadC.willhadD.

hadhad3.Theteacherorderedthatstudents.A.mustntsmokeB.notsmokeC.smokedD.hadsmoked4.Theteacherdemandedthattheworkbefore4oclock.A.finishedB.finishC.shouldfinishD.befinished,B,B,B,D,14,三、主语从句中的虚拟语气,基本句型:1.Itbe+过去分词+that+(should)+动词原形+,过去分词:suggested,requested,ordered,proposed,Itisrequiredthatnobody(should)smokehere。

Itssuggestedthateverybody(should)buyadictionary.,2.Itbe+形容词+that+(should)+动词原形+形容词:important,necessary,natural,right,proper,funny,strange,surprising,Itisnecessarythatwe(should)haveawalknow.Itsimportantthatwe(should)takegoodcareofthepatient.,3.Itbe+名词(apity/ashame/nowonder)that+(should)+动词原形+,15,考题点击:Isitnecessarythathetheexamination?A。

takesB.hastotakeC.musttakeD.take2.Itisstrangethatheyouthis.A.wouldtellB.shouldtellC.hadtoldD.hastold3.Itwasorderedthatnosmokinginthelibrary.A.shouldallowB.beallowedC.willbeallowedD.isallowed,D,B,B,16,四、表语从句、同位语从句中的虚拟语气,在suggestion,proposal,idea,plan,order,advice,decision等名词后面的表语从句、同位语从句中要用虚拟语气,即(should)+动词原形。

Mysuggestionisthatwe(should)leaveatonce.,1)表语从句:,2)同位语从句:,Imakeaproposalthatwe(should)holdameetingnextweek.,17,考题点击:Hissuggestionthatyouoncemoresoundsreasonable.A.tryB.triesC.musttryD.cantry2.Hegaveanadvicethattheyeachother.A.helpedB.musthelpC.helpD.hadhelped3.Mysuggestionisthatafewmorepeopletheretohelpme。

A.besentB.havesentC.sentD.shouldsent,A,C,A,18,谓语动词,1.did(表现在的假设)2.haddone(表过去的假设)3.would/might/coulddone(表将来的假设),五几种特殊的虚拟语气1.虚拟语气用在asif(asthough)引导的从句中,1)PeopletreatmeasifIasuperstar.(be)2)HelookedatmeasthoughIsomething.(steal),were,hadstolen,19,2.用在lest(以免),forfearthat(以免)和incase引导的状语从句中,这时谓语动词用(should)+动词原形1。

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