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高考英语短文改错技巧.ppt

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改错技巧,覃如登,TheStoryaboutGrowingPainsismyfavoriteAmericanTVplaybecauseitisveryinterested.Theplay76.tellshumorousstoriesthathappenintheSeavers77.family.Withsuchstoriesitmakepeoplethink78.aboutlife,butthereforeattractstheaudience.Itis79.alsoawindowwhichwecanlearnaboutAmerican80.society.Andthereweremanymeaningfulthingsthat81。

areworththinkof,suchastherelationshipbetween82.parentsandchildreninalotofAmericanfamily.It83.isquitedifferentfromthoseinChina.Theplayis84.verypopular.Wedbetternotmissthechance85.toenjoyit.,interesting,makes,and,are,thinking,families,that,from/through,2,3,散茑捩,千年之恋枯叶蝶的伤。梦千年之恋捞月亮的人醉卧美人x1萧兮两梦三醒雾隐失落天。穿越不了的光年墒以光年摇曳幽姿花似雪梨花落心扉陌殇、怀素断桥残影长夜对残烛汝勿离。

浠协落埖轻情倾城半面泪妆眷卿三世忆兮倾此生为伊乆古人诚不我欺夙愿醉醉醉,花阴旧梦劫倾城红颜醉丶美人独凭栏泪落桥木纷泪雨。三生烟火乱云妆分影念若锦绣华丶奈何亦是泪盏中柳色浅。流绪微梦兮忆伊染年华丶泪蹒跚许愿池de希腊少女素兮娆眉独奏夜上弦一曲幽怨。沉梦听雨梦里锁颜九夏宿诺未冷清一笑倾所爱红尘不醉我独醉。孤琴候萝径一颦一笑为君留赫尔墨斯!三妻四妾古琵琶的爱情月下醉美人丶月下弄人醉、从别后忆相逢轻吟浅唱、华灯初上轮回千年一场寐晓风残月醉花荫古董小姐如曲终破尘未语、泪先流笑叹红尘纷扰诸葛亮沉香花木兰*丨醉丶红妆明月不谙离恨苦水烟阁秦淮岸,灯火阑珊九音引魂箫唯为伊人诉惆怅,二、改错格式,短文改错(共10小题。

每小题1分,满分10分)此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行作出判断:如无错误,在该行右边横线上画一个勾();如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正:此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线()划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。此行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。此行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。注意:原行没有错的不要改。,4,Weallhadagoodtimetoday.2.Icanreturntoschoolnow.3.Ilikeplayingpiano.4.Imajorataccounting.,

the,in,5,1.Gothroughthewholepassagetogetageneralidea.(浏览全文,掌握大意),2.Readthepassagesentencebysentenceandfindthemistakes.(分句阅读,逐行找错),3.Readthepassageforthethirdtime,checktheanswersandcorrectthedifficultones.(检查核对,攻克难点),三、改错步骤,6,如何做短文改错题,从句子的角度分析:(1)查时态是否一致1、Theyofferedmecoffeeandotherdrinks,wehaveagoodtimetalkingandlaughing2、Myfavouritesportisfootball。

Iwasamemberofourfootballteam.3、Irememberedherwordsandcalmdown.,7,(2)查主谓是否一致,1、Anyonemayborrowbooksanditcostnothingto2、Playingfootballnotonlybutalsogiveus3、clearupmysteries.Butthenthereisalwaysmoremysteriestolookinto,8,(3)查指代是否一致,1、Andtheymustnotbreaktherulestoooftenifwewanttowinthegame.2、Iusedtolovescienceclassallofthem3、IlikedthoseclassesbecauseIfeltthatithelpedme。

9,(4)查上下文修饰语是否一致,1、TheywanttoknowaboutChinaandaskmealotofquestion.2、Westudyquiteafewsubject.3、Shesaidthatsheandmyclassmateall4、Illspendallthewholeweekendreadingandprepareforit.5、Itwasverykindforthemtomeetme.,10,5)查行文逻辑是否一致,1、ItisaveryimportantexambutIcantaffordtofailit.2、Mostpeoplecanquicklygetforhelpfromadoctororgotoahospitalsincetheyareill。

3、Shewassmilingbutnoddingatme.Iremembered.,11,逐句找错,错在那里?,主谓宾,定状补,句子成分分清楚,非谓语,细辨别,固定搭配要记住。,12,逐句找错,错在那里?,动词形,,名词数,还要注意形和副,代词格,细领悟,介词短语须关注,冠词连词常光顾,13,此考点归纳的是除动词时态与非谓语动词之外的动词考点,它包括被动语态、情态动词、动词形式的变化、动词用法辨析、动词be的误加与漏用等。,NMET2000:Nowmypictureandprizeishanginginthelibrary.NMET2003:Shelikeditverymuchandreadsittotheclass。

Ofcourse,whenmymotherwasasked,“Haveyou”,are,,一、动词形,read,14,Helieddownbythesideofthepathtorest.(lied改为lay,lie表示“躺”时,其过去时是lay)(全国卷)(2)CharlesandLindawereseeingnearthetopofthebuilding.(seeing改为seen,因为从含义上看,此处谓语应用被动语态)(全国卷)(3)Booksmaybekeepforfourweeks.(keep改为kept,因此处要用被动语态)(全国卷),15,(11)Itwasverycold.Thesnowliedthickontheground。

(12)TherewillhaveanEnglishfilmintheschoolhalltonight.(13)Afterthat,theboydecidednottoasailor.(14)Aftersupper,myfatherwouldgooutforawalkandthencomebacktoseenewspapers.(15)Heartomecarefully.WhatImsayingisveryimportant.,lay,be,be,read,Listen,16,短文改错的名词考点主要涉及名词的单复数问题,即在该用复数的地方误用其单数,或在该用单数的地方误用其复数。,NMET2001:sothatIllgetgoodmarksinallmysubject。

NMET2003:Theirwordwereagreatencouragementtome.,subjects,words,二、名词数,17,(1)Westoppedtorestforawhileandtodrinksomewatersfromastream.(全国卷)(2)Weclimbeverywhere,notonlyinAmerica.WehavebeentoEuropemanytime.(3)Therearebranchlibraryinmanyvillages.(4)Ihopethatyoutwocouldcomeandvisitussometimessoon.,water,times。

libraries,time,18,短文改错对冠词的考查主要涉及冠词的误加和漏用,有时也考查不定冠词与定冠词以及零冠词的用法区别(包括a与an的区别)。其中,涉及最多的是,当一个单数可数名词表示泛指时,其前漏用不定冠词;另外,冠词在一些习语中的用法也是一个重要考点,三、冠词连词常光顾,Afterahourorsowebegantofeelveryfrightened.Idecidedtoclimbthetreetoseewherewewere.Somepeoplereadthebooksorwatchtelevisionwhileothershavesports.(4)Goodhealthispersonsmostvaluablepossession。

an,a,a,19,连词常光顾,Wetriedtofixitandtherewasnothingwecoulddo.ItoldMother,Father,Sister,allmyfriendsherewhatagreattimeIhad.ItisaveryimportantexambutIcantaffordtofailit.Shewassmilingbutnoddingatme.,短文改错对并列连词的考查主要涉及and,but,or,so等几个表示并列、转折、选择、因果等关系的词语。严格说来,这类错误主要属于行文逻辑的错误。,but,and,and,and,20,NMET2004:Iwoulddescribemyselfasshyandquietly。

NMET2005:Heaskedangryifwehadfinishedthework.,quiet,angrily,四、还要注意形和副,21,短文改错对形容词与副词的考查主要涉及形容词和副词比较等级的误用(尤其是在本身已是比较级的词前误加more)、形容词与副词的混用(如修饰动词时误用形容词或修饰名词时误用副词)等,另外,用作表语时该用形容词的却误用了名词、简短副词(如in,down等)的误加与漏用、涉及形容词搭配的asas结构、how与what的混用等也是常考的考点。,22,Afteranhourorsowebegantofeelveryfrightening.Charlessaid,“AssoonasIseearealtallbuilding。

Iwanttoclimbit.LastSunday,policecarshurrytothetallerbuildinginNewYork.Asaresult,peopleinthemodernworldgenerallylivemuchmorelongerthanpeopleinthepast.Forinstance,onenightheplayedstrongandloudlymusictillfouroclockinthemorning.,frightened,really,tallest,loud,23,这是考查最多的错误形式之一。主要有现在分词、过去分词,动名词和不定式错误。例如:,

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