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高考英语新题型“概要写作”.ppt

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普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语科考试说明,概要写作:提供一篇350词以内的短文,要求考生基于该短文写出一篇60词左右的内容概要。(满分25分),词数少于40的和多余80的,从总分中减去2分,1,评分原则,1、本题总分为25分,按5个档次给分。2、评分时,先根据所写概要的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量、确定或调整档次,最后给分。3、词数少于40的和多于80的,从总分中减去2分。,2,评分时,应主要从以下四个方面考虑:(1)对原文要点的理解和呈现情况;(2)应用语法结构和词汇的准确性;(3)上下文的连贯性;(4)对各要点表达的独立性情况;,3,Narration(记叙文),Exposition(说明文),FormsofLiterature,Argumentation(议论文),4,1。

确定文体thetypesofthepassage,5,Argumentation(议论文),Topic,Supportingideas,Conclusion,6,概要写作(满分25分)阅读下面短文,根据其内容写一篇60词左右的内容概要。,(Para1)Gettingridofdirt,intheopinionofmostpeople,isagoodthing.However,thereisnothingfixedaboutattitudestodirt.,7,(Para2)Intheearly16thcentury,peoplethoughtthatdirtontheskinwasameanstoblockoutdisease。

asmedicalopinionhaditthatwashingoffdirtwithhotwatercouldopenuptheskinandletillsin.Aparticulardangerwasthoughttolieinpublicbaths.By1538,theFrenchkinghadclosedthebathhousesinhiskingdom.SodidthekingofEnglandin1546.ThusbeganalongtimewhentherichandthepoorinEuropelivedwithdirtinafriendlyway.HenryIV,KingofFrance。

wasfamouslydirty.Uponlearningthatanoblemanhadtakenabath,thekingorderedthat,toavoidtheattackofdisease,thenoblemanshouldnotgoout.(Para3)Thoughthebeliefinthemeritofdirtwaslonglived,dirthasnolongerbeenregardedasaniceneighboreversincethe18thcentury.Scientificallyspeaking,cleaningawaydirtisgoodtohealth.Cleanwatersupplyandhandwashingarepracticalmeansofpreventingdisease。

Yet,itseemsthatstandardsofcleanlinesshavemovedbeyondsciencesinceWorldWar.Advertisementsrepeatedlyselltheidea;clothesneedtobewhiterthanwhite,clothseversofter,surfacestoshine.Hasthehatefordirt,however,gonetoofar?(Para4)Attitudestodirtstilldifferhugelynowadays.Manyfirsttimeparentsnervouslytrytowarntheirchildrenofftouchingdirt。

whichmightberesponsibleforthespreadofdisease.Onthecontrary,MaryRuebush,anAmericanimmunologist(免疫学家),encourageschildrentoplayinthedirttobuildupastrongimmunesystem.Andthelatterpositionisgainingsomeground.,8,Thereisnothingfixedaboutattitudestodirt,Step1:Read,topicsentence:,structure,supportingideas,Findoutthetopicsentenceofeachparagraph。

think,believe,consider,regard,argue,support,beconvincedthat,inonesopinion,fromonespointofview,Youmayneedtopayattentiontosomewordslike:,9,Para2:Intheearly16thcentury,peoplethoughtthatdirtontheskinwasameanstoblockoutdisease,asmedicalopinionhaditthatwashingoffdirtwithhotwatercouldopenuptheskinandletillsin。

Aparticulardangerwasthoughttolieinpublicbaths.By1538,theFrenchkinghadclosedthebathhousesinhiskingdom.SodidthekingofEnglandin1546.ThusbeganalongtimewhentherichandthepoorinEuropelivedwithdirtinafriendlyway.HenryIV,KingofFrance,wasfamouslydirty.Uponlearningthatanoblemanhadtakenabath,thekingorderedthat,

toavoidtheattackofdisease,thenoblemanshouldnotgoout.,ExamplesofsomeEuropeancountries,10,(Para3)Thoughthebeliefinthemeritofdirtwaslonglived,dirthasnolongerbeenregardedasaniceneighboreversincethe18thcentury.Scientificallyspeaking,cleaningawaydirtisgoodtohealth.Cleanwatersupplyandhandwashingarepracticalmeansofpreventingdisease。

Yet,itseemsthatstandardsofcleanlinesshavemovedbeyondsciencesinceWorldWar.Advertisementsrepeatedlyselltheidea;clothesneedtobewhiterthanwhite,clothseversofter,surfacestoshine.Hasthehatefordirt,however,gonetoofar?,11,(Para4)Attitudestodirtstilldifferhugelynowadays.Manyfirsttimeparentsnervouslytrytowarntheirchildrenofftouchingdirt。

whichmightberesponsibleforthespreadofdisease.Onthecontrary,MaryRuebush,anAmericanimmunologist(免疫学家),encourageschildrentoplayinthedirttobuildupastrongimmunesystem.Andthelatterpositionisgainingsomeground.,12,Step2:Makeanoutline,Inthe16thcentury,since18thcentury,Peoplethoughtthatdirtontheskinwasameanstoblockoutdisease。

hasnolongerbeenregardedascleaningawaydirtisgoodtohealth,encourageschildrentoplayinthedirttobuildupastrongimmunesystem,13,Step3:Rewritethesentencesinotherways,Thereisnothingfixedaboutattitudestodirt.,different,mixed,various,反义转换,opinions,views,ideas,同义词替换,Peoplesattitudestodirtvaryindifferenttimes.,towards。

句型转换,Peopleholddifferentopinionstowardsdirtovertime.,Theattitudestodirtisnotalwaysthesame.,14,Intheearly16thcentury,peoplethoughtthatdirtontheskinwasameanstoblockoutdisease.,Haveatry!,15,Intheearly16thcentury,peoplethoughtthatdirtontheskinwasameanstoblockoutdisease.,think:believe,hold,consider,insist。

argue,areconvinced.,同义词替换,blockoutdisease:prevent/protect/keepawayfromillness;,Onepossibleversion:Inthe16thcentury,peoplebelievedthatdirtprotectedpeoplefromgettingill.,16,.dirthasnolongerbeenregardedasaniceneighboreversincethe18thcentury.Scientificallyspeaking,cleaningawaydirtisgoodtohealth.,washoff,getridof,benefits,isbeneficialto,doesgoodto,contributesto,Onepossibleversion:Peoplebegantochangetheirattitudestodirtabout200yearsago。

Peoplehavebeentoldthatwashingdirtoffourbodycankeepushealthy.,17,Nowadays,encouragespeopletoplayinthedirttobuildupastrongimmunesystem.,Onepossibleversion:Nowadays,somescientistsbelievethatexposuretosomedirtmayhelpourimmunesystem.,Peopleareencouragedto,语态转换,beexposedto..,believe,support,agree,approve.

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