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高考英语复习-阅读理解主旨大意题.ppt

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1、细节理解题(questionsofdetails)2、词义猜测题(wordsincontext)3、推理判断题(questionsofinference)4、主旨归纳题(mainidea),ReadingComprehension,4、主旨归纳题(mainidea),1,Questionforms:,1.主题类,(1).Themainideaofthepassageis.(2).Thepassageismainlyabout.(3).Whatisthepassagemainlyabout?(4).Whichofthefollowingstatementcanbestsummarize/sumupthemainideaofthepassage?(5)。

Whatsthemainpoint/mainidea/centralthoughtofthepassage?,2,Questionforms:,2.标题类,(1).Thebesttitle/headlineforthispassagemightbe.(2).Thetext(Passage)couldbeentitled.(3).Whatisthebesttitleforthepassage?(4).Whichofthefollowingwouldbesuitableasatitleforthepassage?,3.作者意图类,(1).Theauthorsmainpurposeinwritingthepassageis。

(2).Thepassageismeantto.(3).Thepurposeofthisarticleis.(4).Theauthorspurposeistoshow.,3,主旨大意,Howdowegetthemainideafromaparagraphorpassage?,4,查找主旨、标题时,注意最基本、最具有概括力的信息。,1.Choosethemostgeneralword.A)chemistB)physicistC)scientistD)biologist,2.Choosethemostgeneralsentence.A)Thehotelofferscomplimentarycoffeefrom7to10a。

m.daily.B)TherearemanyreasonswhyguestsfeelathomeattheGloriettaBayInn.C)Thecoinoperatedlaundryroomhasanironingboard.D)ThereareanumberofextraservicesattheGloriettaBayInnincludingbabysitting.,5,1Englishisclearlyaninternationallanguage.Itisspokenbypilotsandairportcontroloperatorsonalltheairwaysoftheworld。

Over70percentoftheworldsradioprogramsareinEnglish.,Findthetopicsentence,6,2.Letusconsiderhowvoicetrainingmaycontributetopersonalitydevelopmentandanimprovedsocialadjustment.Inthefirstplace,ithasbeenfairlywellestablishedthatindividualstendtobecomewhattheybelieveotherpeoplethinkthemtobe.Whenpeoplereactmorefavorablytowardusbecauseourvoicesconveytheimpressionthatwearefriendly。

competent,andinteresting,thereisastrongtendencyforustodevelopthosequalitiesinourpersonality.Ifwearetreatedwithrespectbyothers,wesooncometohavemorerespectforourselves.Then,too,onesownconsciousnessofhavingapleasant,effectivevoiceofwhichhedoesnotneedtobeashamedcontributesmateriallytoafeelingofpoise(泰然自若)。

selfconfidence,andajustprideinhimself.Agoodvoice,likegoodclothescandomuchforanego(自我)thatotherwisemightbeinclinedtodroop(萎靡).Thetitlethatbestexpressestheideasofthispassageis:A)OurEgoB)TheReflectionofOurPersonalityC)HowtoAcquireaPleasantVoiceD)VoiceTraininginPersonalityDevelopment,7,Tip1:atthebeginning主题句(Topicsentence)在段首:一个主题句常常是一个段落的开头。

其后的句子则是论证性细节。在议论文,科技文献和新闻报道中多采用这种格式。,8,3.Somestudentspreferastrictteacherwhotellsthemexactlywhattodo.Othersprefertobelefttoworkontheirown(bythemselves).Stillotherslikeademocratic(民主的)discussiontypeofclass.Nooneteachingmethodcanbedevised(design)tosatisfyallstudentsatthesametime.,9,4.Handshaking,thoughaEuropeanpractice。

isnowoftenseeninbigcitiesofChina.ItissaidthatlonglongagoinEuropewhenpeoplemet,theyshowedtheirunarmed(无武器的)handstoeachotherasasignofgoodwill.Astimewentonandtradeincitiesgrewrapidly,peopleincitiesbegantoclapeachothershandstomakeadealortoreachanagreement.Thispracticewaslaterchangedintoshakinghandsamongfriendsonmeetingorleavingeachother。

“Letsshake(hands)onit”sometimesmeansagreementreached.DotheEuropeansshakehandswherevertheygoandwithwhomevertheymeet?No.SometimestheChineseabroadreachouttheirhandstoooftentobepolite.Itisreallyveryimpolitetogiveyourhandwhentheotherparty,especiallywhenitisawoman,showslittleinterestinshakinghandswithyouandwhenthemeetingdoesnotmeananythingtohimorher。

Evenif,forpoliteness,heholdsouthisunwillinghandinanswertoyouruninvitedhand,justtouchitslightly.Thereisgenerallyamisunderstanding(误解)amongtheChinesethatwesternersareusuallyopenandstraightforward,whiletheChineseareratherreserved(保守的)inmanner.ButinfactsomepeopleinwesterncountriesaremorereservedthansomeChinesetoday。

Soitisagoodideatoshakehandswithawesterneronlywhenheshowsinterestinfurtherrelationswithyou.,67.Themainpurposeofthetextis.A.totellussomedifferencesbetweentheEastandtheWestB.toofferussomeimportantfactsabouthandshakingC.tointroduceustosomedifferentcustomsintheWestD.togiveussomeadvicebeforewetravelabroad,10,Tip2:attheend主题句在段尾。

作者先摆出事实依据,层层推理论证,最后自然得出结论,即段落的主题。本段的中心思想在结尾句得到体现,它是此段内容的结论。,11,5.Wesurveyedlocalresidentsinthreeuniversitytownsthroughoutthestatetofindouttheiropinionsonthestudentsinthosetowns.Wequestionedoverthreethousandpeopleandfoundthatsinceourlastsurveythreeyearsago,attitudestowardsstudentshavechangedconsiderably。

“Lazy”“scruffy”and“badmannered”washowmorethan40%ofthosequestioneddescribedstudents,upfrom22%inthelastsurvey.Thisyearonly25%consideredstudentstobe“polite”and“friendly”comparedwith39%threeyearsago.Overall,49%consideredstudentstobeapositivepartofthetowncomparedto58%lasttime.,3.有些段落的主题句被安排在段落的中间,sinceourlastsurveythreeyearsago。

attitudestowardsstudentshavechangedconsiderably.,12,PassageD6.Ifyouwereplanningtobuyatelevisionset,thefollowingadvertisementwouldcertainlydrawyourattention:“ColorTV.Only79.Twodayssale.Hurry.”However,whenyougotothestorereadytobuy.Youmaydiscoverthattheyaresoldout.Buttheshopassistantisquicktotellyouthathehasanothermodel。

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