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高考英语听力题型.ppt

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高考英语听力题型讲练北山中学周勇,最易得分or最难得分前者就语言知识而言,后者就学习环境,学者基础,练习得法与否而言。,1,一、听力题型的特点,、听力测试是考查学生理解口头语言能力的测试。因此,它的结构不像书面语言那么严谨,句子短,重复率高,冗余信息多。听力测试的材料比阅读材料要容易,基本上没有超纲的词语(但常会出现一些陌生的人名或地名)。、大多数听力材料来源于英语国家的生活会话,题材广泛,涉及英语国家日常生活的许多方面,具有明显的口语特征,听起来自然真实,符合在非测试状态下英语口语在社会生活中运用的真实情景。有利于全面有效的检测考生在不同生活实际环境下对所学语言的感悟和接受能力。、对话或独白都通过具体语言内容表明一个特定的语境。

理解语境是把握所听内容的关键,是理解材料内容的前提。、材料一般由10段左右的对话和独白构成,总词数为850左右。除了一些专有词外,材料中一般没有生词。、答案分布均匀,各选项的答案总数接近于平均值。、语速一般为150170wpm。,2,二、听力考试形式及对考生的能力要求,重庆听力部分共三节,测试考生理解英语口语的能力型省。能力要求:1、理解主旨和要义;2、获取具体的、事实性信息;3、对所听内容作出推断;4、理解说话者的意图、观点或态度。,3,三、怎么考?考什么?,试听,4,1.Whatisthemangoingtodotonight?A.Gotothecinema.B.Attendameeting。

C.WatchTVathome.,c,5,Whatdidthewomaninvitethemando?A.haveameetingB.seeafilmC.watchTV,B,6,我爱你。Iloveyou.Iloveyou.Iloveyou.Iloveyou.Iloveyou.,7,听话听声、锣鼓听音,角色进入快题干抓关键题干定信息信息定答案,8,四、题分类型,、地点与时间提问方式Wheredoestheconversationtakeplace?Whereistheconversationmostlikelytakingplace?Whereisthemanwomannow?Wherearethetwospeakers?Whenwillthevisitorscome?WhenwillthemanprobablygettoBeijing?Whenandwheredotheyagreetomeetfinally?。

9,2.Wheredoestheconversationtakeplace?A.Inashop.B.Inamuseum.C.Inarestaurant.,A,10,15.Whoisthewomanspeakingto?A.Apoliceofficer.B.Amanonthestreet.C.Anewspaperreporter.16.Wherewasthewomanscamerastolen?A.Outsideanicecreamplace.B.Outsidearestaurant.C.Outsideherhome.,A,A,11,17.Whatdoesthethieflooklike?,C,

12,地点通常所涉及如下相关词汇:,1、Athospital:examine、headache、coldandflu、pill、bloodpressure2、Inthepostoffice:mail、post、stamp、envelope、package、airmail3、Athotel:bookaroom、asingle/doubleroom4、Atrestaurant:menu、order、bill、beer、wine5、Inthelibrary:book、magazine6、Inthebank:cash、check7、Atairport:flight、takeoff8、Atashop:size、color、style、supermarket、discount、chainstore9、Inahouse:family、parents、kid、relative、housework、wife、husband。

13,时间通常所涉及如下相关词汇:,hour、minute、week、month、year、century、am、pm、halfpastsix、aquartertoten、ninetwenty、after、before、early、late、delay,14,2、判断人物身份、职业和关系,提问方式:Whatdoesthewomanmando?Whatsthewomansmansjob?Whatisthemanwoman?Whatsthemostprobablerelationshipbetweenthetwospeakers?Whoarethetwospeakers?,15,8.Whatdidthespeakerwanttobewhenshewaslittle?A。

Adoctor.B.Abanker.C.Ateacher.9.Whathelpedthespeakerdecidetotakeherpresentjob?A.Herschooling.B.Herparentswish.C.Herworkexperience.,A,C,16,常见的人物关系有:,Doctorpatientwaiter/waitresscustomersecretarybossshopassistantcustomerdriverpolicemanteacherstudentsalesmancustomerhusbandwifereceptionisttouristlawyerclient通常。

在这几组人物关系中,我们会听到以下词或者词组:、doctorandpatient:trouble、check、pain、sore、fever、heart、stomach、lungs、bloodtest、lightdiet、prescription、whendiditstart、openyourmouth、husbandandwife:dear、darling、sweetheart、mylove、cook、picnic、TV、dinner、shopassistantandcustomer:size、color、tryon、price、discount、CanIhelpyou?Whatsizedoyouwear?Isthatcashorcharge?。

17,3.数字判断和简单计算,提问方式:Whendidtheplanetakeoff?Whenwillthetrainarrive?Whattimeisitnow?Howlongdidthemeetinglast?Whatsthepriceofthecar?Howmuchperpoundaretheoranges?Howmuchdidthemanspendonthetickets?Howmuchdoesthewomanhavetopayforthedress?,18,10.Tolistentofilmorticketinformation,whichbuttonshouldyoupress?11。

Howmanypeoplecangoandseeafilmifyoupay$17?A.3.B.4.C.5.,A,B,19,4、逻辑推理,提问方式:Whatdoeshe/shemean?Whatdoestheman/womanimply?Whatisthemostprobableresultoftheconversation?Whatcanwelearnfromwhatthespeakersaid?Whatcanweinfer(conclude)fromtheconversation?,20,6.Howisthemanfeeling?A.Disappointed.B.Encouraged.C.Delighted。

7.Whatwillthemanprobablydotonight?A.Haveameeting.B.Gotoaparty.C.FlytotheUS.,A,B,21,5、理解主旨要义,提问方式Whatarethetwospeakerstalkingaboutdiscussing?Whathappenedtothemanwoman?Whatdidthemanwomando?Whatarethespeakersdoing?Whathasthewomandone?,22,18.WhatarethestudentsgoingtodoonWednesday?A.Seeafilm.B.Playsports.C.Gosightseeing.19.WhenarethestudentsleavingforLondon?A.Friday.B.Saturday.C.Sunday.20.Whatisthepurposeofthemanstalk?A.Towelcomethestudentstothecenter.B.Toinformthestudentsofthearrangements.C.Totellthestudentstherulestheyshouldfollow.。

B,C,B,6、建议、行为与计划,提问方式:Whatdoesthemanwomansuggestthemanwomando?Whatdoesthemanwomanmean?,24,12.Whatarethespeakerstalkingabout?A.Aninterview.B.Ameal.C.Ajob.13.Whattimeofthedayisitnow?A.Morning.B.Afternoon.C.Evening.14.Howisthemanfeeling?A.Tired.B.Nervous.C.Hopeless.,A,A,B,25,7、原因和结果,提问方式:Whyisshelateangrydisappointed?Whydidntcouldntheshegotothetheatre?WhatisthereasonforherleavingforNewYork?。

26,此类题应熟练掌握表示因果关系的词或者词组:,Because,since、so、as、becauseof、asaresultof、cause、occurfrom、dueto、owingto、onaccountof、nowthat、sothat等。,27,8、深层语篇理解,本考点要求考生具备以下能力:理解说话人的意图、态度或观点理解说话人做某件事的真正原因理解否定词、反问句中隐含在字里行间的言外之意提问方式:Whatdoestheman/womanthinkof?Howdoestheman/womanfeelabout?,28,Thankyou,Tobecontinued,29,

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