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高考英语作文的润色与提高.ppt

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高考英语作文的润色与提高,以应用文为主,1,专题一:优秀作文的基本特征,2,优秀高考英语作文的六个基本特征,1、层次不乱2、句式多变3、亮点若干3、巧妙串联4、蠢错不犯6、整洁卷面,3,层次不乱,开头:引出话题(第一段),主体:陈述观点或给出建议(第二段),结尾:呼应、总结(第三段),4,题目:假设你是李华,你的朋友Liz刚刚进入高中,在交友上面存在一些问题,请你根据如下提示,帮她度过难关。要交朋友首先要做一个朋友。要和朋友同甘共苦;患难之中的朋友才是真的朋友。友谊需要时间和投入(effort).,5,DearLiz,Yours,LiHua,6,层次不乱,开头:引入话题,主体:陈述观点或给出建议。

结尾:呼应、总结,通常只需要23句话。提出话题,并说明你有建议。,7,第一段:引出话题,通常只需要23句话。,Imsorrytohearthatyouhavetroubleinmakingfriends.Asfarasimconcerned/Formypart/Inmyopinion,therearesomewaystosolvethisproblem.,8,层次不乱,开头:引入话题,主体:陈述观点或给出建议,结尾:呼应、总结,通常只需要23句话。提出话题,并说明你有建议。,每一个观点或建议之间要保持层次清晰,加上适当的过渡词语。,9,第二段:陈述观点或建议,Tobeginwith,youshouldbeafriend。

..Then,youneed...Lastly,itisalsoimportanttodo....Firstandforemost,youshouldbeafriend...Secondly,youneed...Lastbutnotleast,itisalsoimportanttodo....,10,层次不乱,开头:引入话题,主体:陈述观点或给出建议,结尾:呼应、总结,通常只需要23句话。,每一个观点或建议之间要保持层次清晰,加上适当的过渡词语。,总结,并提出美好愿景。,11,第三段:呼应、总结,或者表达愿景。,Allinall/Inshort/Inconclusion/Inaword,youcanimproveyourpresentsituation。

Andibelieve,withyourtrying,youcanovercome...,12,DearLiz,Imsorrytohearthatyouhavetroubleinmakingfriends.Asfarasimconcerned/Formypart/Inmyopinion,therearesomewaysto..Firstandforemost/Tobeginwith,youshouldbeafriend...Secondly,youneed...Lastbutnotleast,itisalsoimportanttodo...Allinall/Inshort/Inconclusion/Inaword。

youcanimproveyourpresentsituation.AndIbelieve,withyourtrying,youcanovercome...Yours,LiHua,13,句式多变,长短变化,主、被动变化,主语变化,同义词变化,同功能句型变化,横向比较变化,14,亮点若干,高中词汇,高中常见短语,高级句型,各种复合句,倒装句,强调句型,虚拟语气句型,非谓语动词结构,15,巧妙串联,起:,firstofall,tobeginwith,aboveall...,承:,inaddition,besides...,转:,however,ontheotherhand...,合:,inmyopinion。

allinall,inaword...,16,蠢错不犯:,初中二年级学生就应该掌握的基本语言表达能力。,1.Iverylikethebook.2.Hewasveryangrily.3.Therehavemanystudentintheclassroom.4.Thecarisyellowcolor.,17,整洁卷面,英文书写大方、圆润、自然;,词与词间距适当,字母大小适当,无大面积涂改,不影响交际,18,19,20,21,22,23,专题二肃清基础语言错误,24,中学生英语写作中常见的14种语言错误:,1.主谓不一致,MyfatherandIlikesgoingfishingbythelake.

Largequantitiesofsoilhasbeenwashedaway.,25,2.时态、语态混用,Lastnight,Ihadenjoyedaparty.Thepaintingonthewalldamagedseriously.,was,26,3.句子成分残缺,Istoodupandsawthereaboy.Theyoungmanrunninginthestreet.,was,was,27,4.习惯搭配误用,Ionceheardfromtheanimallikethis.Wepassedawaythebuilding.,of,by,28,5.名词单、复数不分,Imademanyfriendinthesummercamp。

WecangetsomeinformationsfromtheInternet.,29,6.动词单、复数不分,Ourteacheroftensaythatsuccesslieinhardwork.Mr.Smith,togetherwithsomestudents,arecomingtoourschool.,30,7.赘词现象多发,Ihopeyoucanreturnbacktoourschoolsoon.WellholdapartyonnextSunday.,31,8.近义词的误用,Theschoolrequeststhatallthestudentsshouldweartheschooluniform。

Iquarreledwithmyteacheraboutmygrades.,32,9.基本词汇拼写错误,IfliedtoNewYorkdirectlyfromBeijing.Thiswillbedoneimmediatly.,33,10.前后人称不一致,Theboywasborninapoorfamilybutsheworkshard.Wewatchedafewmoviesandwelovedit.,34,11.动词原形作主语/宾语,Takeawalkafterdinnerisverygoodforyou.Atthatmoment,Ididntfeelliketakeawalk.,35,12.

逻辑主语与主句主语不一致,Preparingdinner,thedoorbellrang.Walkinginthestreet,acarhitanoldman.,36,13.一个简单句出现两个谓语,Therewasnoworktodo,hewentbackhome.Ireceivedyouremail,Iwasveryexcited.,being,When,and,37,14.中式英语,Nextweekhaveaparty.IsorryyouIcantwithyougoBeijing.,38,有则改之,无则加勉;用心则易,无心则难。,39,专题三:第一反应与克制第一反应,40,他是个好人。,第一反应测试:。

Heisagoodman.,generous,humorous,interesting,smart,gentle,warmhearted,hospitable,easygoing,devoted,openminded,modest,friendly,41,对不起,我不能和你一起去北京了。,ImsorrythatIcantgotoBeijingwithyou.,WouldyouacceptmyheartfeltapologythatIcantmakeittoBeijingwithyouaswehaveplanned?,IsorryyouIcantwithyougoBeijing.,42,存点钱是很重要的。

Thereisnodenying/Itisbeyondanydisputethatdepositingsomemoneyinthebankiscrucial.,Sometimes,whetheryouhavemoneyathandmeansthedifferenceoflifeordeathforalovedone.,43,专题四:打动人心的句型和打翻人胃的句型,44,45,审题:“十年后的我”“感性的、充满想象的”切忌:套用了太多所谓的“万能句式”,破坏了这种“感性”,使之变得“太理性”、“太刚”了:(1)运用了大量的表示顺序的词句(太过理性):Firstly,secondly,thirdly。

finally;Tostartwith;Lastbutnotleast;Myfuturelifeisasfollows.,46,审题:“十年后的我”“感性的、充满想象的”切忌:套用了太多所谓的“万能句式”,破坏了这种“感性”,使之变得“太理性”、“太刚”了:(1)运用了大量的表示顺序的词句(太过理性):Firstly,secondly,thirdly,finally;Tostartwith;Lastbutnotleast;Myfuturelifeisasfollows.,47,(2)运用了大量的表达强烈观点句式(语气太刚):IholdthepointofviewthatThereisnodoubtthatIstronglybelievethatIamfirmlyconvincedthat(therewillbeexcitingandwonderfulchangesin/itgivesmeastrongbody)ItgoeswithoutsayingthatWhatIwanttostressisthat(healthisveryimportanttous)。

48,(3)运用了大量的总结、转换、强调、转折等语气、句式,不够得体。Allinall,/Generallyspeaking,Asamatteroffact,Asformysparetime,AsfarasIamconcerned,Ihopebecomeadoctor.Whenitcomestomyownfamily,itoccurstomethatIwillhave2children.Itisknowntousthatfamilyisthemostimportantthinginourlife.Ontheonehand,ontheotherhand,49,注意:在结构清楚,逻辑通顺的基础上,

要注意句型的多变,句子的优美。,50,(1)运用大量的强调句和倒装句,给人非常生涩的感觉。Inmysparetime,soactiveamIthatIwillgofishingwithmyfamily.Itisaftertenyearsthat(2)在同一篇短文里,堆砌了大量同样的句式:ItsIthatwanttobeateacher;ItisIthatamfondonchildren.ItisIthatlikemakingalotoffriends.ItisfamouscitythatIllgoto(3)中式英语,意思相差较大,或完全不达意。LoverOrganizeafamilyIhopemywillbelittlespeakEnglish。

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