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高考英语七选五课件(共32张PPT).ppt

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专题复习七选五阅读理解,1,一、高考大纲要求阅读七选五主要考察学生的英语逻辑思维能力,也就是对上下文之间,层次之间逻辑关系的判断能力。,试题模式:给出一篇缺少5个句子的文章,对应有七个选项,要求同学们根据文章结构、内容,选出正确的句子,填入相应的空白处。考查重点:主要考查考生对文章的整体内容和结构以及上下文逻辑意义的理解和掌握。(考试说明)选项特点:主旨概括句(文章整体内容)过渡性句子(文章结构)注释性句子(上下文逻辑意义),2,细节类题型解题技巧,3,Inthetwentiethcentury,someexpertsbegantostudydreamsscientifically.hebelievesthatdreamsallowapersontoexpressfearsorfantasies。

A.Dreamsarerelatedwithapersonsinnerthought.B.OneofthemostfamousisFruedstheory.,4,Itisaveryhappydayformanyboysandgirls.Beforethetermsendsinsomeschools,thechildrenactanativity(基督诞生)or“birth”play,showinghowJesuswasborninastable(马厩)。,A.PeopleareoftenbusygoingshoppingB.Theturkeyorchickenisquicklyeaten.C.

ChristmasDayfallsonthetwentyfiftyofDecember.,5,复习与总结,1.代词指代,6,EducationThereisagoodsizedsportsfield.Walkingalongtheroughtracksoftheisland,touristsoftenseesmallchildrenontheirwaytoandfromschool.,Petuliahasawellequippedprimaryandsecondaryschool.(中等教育学校)Ithasapopulationof1,500people.Instead,touristsareplacedwithafamilyasguests。

7,HealthThenumbertoringforanappointmentisonthe“Help”listbesidethephoneoneachfloor.Forfirstaid,contact(联系)Steven.,A.Foodcanalsobekeptinthebedrooms.B.Donotleaveyourroomunlockedevenforshortperiod.C.Anyseriousproblemsshouldbetakentothelocaldoctor.,8,Makingatriptothekitchen,tocookratherthantoeat,couldbeafunwaytospendalazyafternoonindoors!Cookingtogetherwillgiveyoualotofopportunitiestoworktogetheronsomething。

A.SocialworkB.Everybodyinthefamilycouldgettogetherandcookameal.C.Itwouldstayasamemoryoftheactivity.,9,复习与总结,2.词汇复现法(对同一个概念进行重复描述或者跟此词汇相关同一领域的词汇在文章中共同出现,达到语义衔接的目的)。,10,Suchlove,suchbeautifullove!Suchlovehappenedwithinthistinycreature.(生物).Whatcanlovedo?JustthinkaboutitItcandowonders!Hesawthis,feelingpityandcurious。

Thelizard(蜥蜴)hadsurvivedinsuchasituationfor10years!,11,Onemayaskwhytherearesomanypeoplesmoking?Mostneedhelpwhenitcomestoquittingbecausethewithdrawalsaresodifficulttodealwith.Setadateonwhichyouplantoquitsmoking.Theansweristhatsmokingisextremelyaddictive.Manyothercancersarealsorelatedtosomking.,12,复习与总结。

3.问答式,13,Thisisbecausesomepeoplepossesscertainqualities,whichothersdonot.Learningfromothersiskeytosuccess.Somepeoplesucceed,whileothersmaynotAsthefamoussayinggoes,“Nopains,nogains.”,14,AlthoughtheAthensGamesareover,A.Wedefinitelyneedsomethingbetterin2008.B.ChineseteenagerspassionforOlympichasnotfaded。

(褪去)C.WearesureBeijingwillsurprisetheworld.,15,复习与总结,4.逻辑关系(因果,转折等),16,Franklinisalsorememberedforotherproverbslike,“Apennysavedisapennyearned.”Thismeansthatmoneyshouldnotbewasted.Thismeansyoulovesomeoneevenmorewhenheorsheisfaraway.Hewasalsoascientist,inventorandwriter.,17,Inotherwords,whenyouareinlovewithsomeone。

youmayrefusetoseeanythingbadaboutthatperson.Thismeansthatmoneyshouldnotbewasted.Anotherproverbsays“Loveisblind.”Proverbsarefoundinmostculturesandareoftenveryold.,18,复习与总结,5解释说明关系,19,篇章结构类题解题方法,20,Tomakelifeinthisstudenthostel(宿舍)ascomfortableandsafeaspossibleforeveryone,.Security.Visitors.KitchenAsmallchargeismade。

FoodcanalsobekeptinthebedroomPleaseremembertheserules.,21,Everyday,whenshecomesbackhomefromwork,shesetsaboutdoinghousework,sweepingthelivingroomandbedroomsorcleaningthefurniture,andputtingeverythinginorder.Sheseemstobebusyallthetime.Motherneverbuysexpensivedressesforherself,butsheoftenbuyssomeinexpensivebuthighqualityclothesforus。

A.sheenjoyslisteningtoclassmusic.B.Shenevergoestoexpensiverestaurantstoenjoymeals.C.Mymotherishardworkingandneverwastesmoney.D.Asamother,shetakesgoodcareofusandgivesuseverycomfort.,22,Ifyoulikeyourmusicloud,pleaseuseawalkman!RememberthatyourneighborsmaynotshareyourtastesAsmallchargeismade.MusicKitchensFoodcanalsobekeptinthebedrooms。

23,复习与总结,6.段落结构(主题句、过渡句),24,复习与总结,1.代词指代2.同词复现法3.问答式。4.逻辑关系(因果,转折等)5解释说明关系6.段落结构(主题句、过渡句),Notes:标题型短小精悍(多为名词性短语、祈使句),25,根据试题所在位置确定不同的解题策略,1)如果问题在段首通常是段落主题句。认真阅读后文内容,根据段落一致性原则,查找同义词或其他相关的词,推断出主题句。关注每段首尾句,了解大意知主题2)如果问题在段尾通常是结论、概括性语句。注意在选项中查找表示结果、结论、总结等的信号词,如therefore,asaresult,inshort,tosumup,inaword

选项中也可发现前文的同义词句。,26,27,Summarizemethods,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,Pronoun代词,Time时间词,Article冠词,Similar相同词,Keywords,Beforeblank空前,Afterblank空后,Compound并列,Causeandeffect因果,Transition转折,Explanation解释,Punctuation标点,1,2,3,4,5,6,Thesame相近词,Choice选项,Foretelling(预测),Connection(联系),28,Keywords,Foretelling,

Connection,K,F,C,K,F,C,29,备考战略:,注重实效。阅读时不仅要注意文章的细节,更应该注意文章的布局。注意命题陷阱。切忌当同样的词,同样的名字或同样的日期都在语文或节选段落中出现,就认为它们是正确的选项,一定要符合逻辑,确保文章内容严谨。注重速度。进行限时训练,培养实战观念,不可拖沓。将近几年高考题进行分析,重点分析结构清晰分明的说明文和议论文。,30,经验一:前瞻后顾,寻找信号词,回到选择项中筛选。(复现)经验二:浓缩句意,意义匹配,整体把握。(同义)经验三:以段落为单位梳理文章脉络,留意文章的起承转.(逻辑及结构),经验分享,31,三、总结:主旨大意把握好,读懂选项更重要关键信息相匹配。

核查排除不可少,32,

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