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高中英语语法主谓一致.ppt

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作者:刘云玉2015.5.21,SubjectverbAgreement1,U1P5Grammar,Theboydiving.,Theydiving.,BothJackandTimdiving.,Allofthemdiving.,NeitherJacknorTimwalking.,is,are,are,is,are,Leadin(情境导入),2,Bob,Bobaworker.,is,Mike,MikeandBobworkers.,are,BothMikeandBobworkers.,are,NeitherMikenorBobateacher.,is,Bill,Allofthemworkers.。

Noneofthem(know)howtoteachEnglish.,are,knows/know,Leadin(情境导入),3,SubjectVerbAgreement主谓一致,“主语+附属结构”作主语,谓语与主语一致,即主语是单数形式,谓语动词用单数形式,主语是复数形式,谓语也用复数形式。,即主语形式上为单数,但意义为复数,因此谓语动词用复数形式;或主语形式上为复数,但表示单数意义,这时谓语动词用单数形式。,即谓语动词用单数形式还是用复数形式,取决于最靠近它的主语。,语法一致,意义一致,就近原则,就远原则,Presentation,4,即主语是单数形式,谓语动词用单数形式,主语是复数形式,

谓语也用复数形式。,语法一致,5,1.当主语由and连接的并列成分指的是同一概念,兼具身份或匹配出现时,谓语动词用单数,此时and后面的名词无冠词;如表示不同的人或物时,谓语动词用复数,此时and后面的名词有冠词。,Theworkerandwriteris(be)fromWuhan.那个工人兼作家Theworkerandthewriterare(be)fromBeijing.那位工人和那位作家,(一)谓语动词为单数的情况,语法一致(观察探究),6,Thesingeranddanceronthestage.,is,7,Aknifeandforkusedtohavemeals.,is,8,Goingoutforawalkaftersupperisagoodhabit。

晚饭后出去散步是一个好习惯。Toseeistobelieve.眼见为实。Whetherwellgodependsontheweather.我们是否去要取决于天气的好坏。,2.非谓语动词(不定式或动名词短语)、名词性从句作主语时,谓语动词常用单数。例如:,语法一致,9,1.ReadingEnglishpapersandmagazineshelpfultoourstudyofEnglish.(is/are)2.Whetherhecomesornotofnomatter.(is/are)3.Tosayonething;todoanother.(is/are)4.Listening,speaking,

readingandwritingfourskillsforEnglishstudy.(is/are)5.Wheretofindtheplantandwhattodowithitstilltheproblemstosettle.(is/are),is,is,is,is,are,are,Exercise,10,Something(has/have)gonewrongwithmywatch.Anybodywho(break/breaks)therulewillbepunished.(is/are)everyoneheretoday?,3.不定代词somebody,someone,something,anybody,anything,everybody,everyone,everything,nobody,noone,nothing等作主语。

谓语动词用单数形式。,has,breaks,Is,11,语法一致,4.形复意单名词如:news、means;以ics结尾的学科名称如:physics、maths;国名如:theUnitedStates;报纸名:NewYorkTimes;书名:ArabianNights等作主语,谓语动词用单数。,1.Everymeansbeentriedsincethen.A.hasB.haveC.areD.is2.Nonewsgoodnews.(is/are)3.MathsthesubjectthatIlikemost.(is/are),has,is,is,12,5.表示时间、距离、重量、金钱等复数名词作主语,表达一个整体概念时。

谓语动词则用单数形式.TwoyearspassedsinceIleftNingbo;Onemilliondollarsagreatsumofmoney.Threethousandmiles(be)alongdistance.Fiftykilogrames(be)nottooheavytobecarried.,has,is,is,has,is,is,6.everyand(every),eachand(each),noand(no),manyaand(manya)连接两个单数名词作主语,谓语动词用单数。,Everydeskandeverychairmadeofwood.Manyaboyandgirlmadethesamemistake。

13,7one/everyone/each/either/thenumber+of+复数名词作主语,谓语动词用单数。Eachofthestudentshasabook.8.clothing,furniture,traffic,jewellery,baggage,equipment,luggage等无生命的集合名词作主语,谓语动词用单数。Clothingisbadlyneededinthisfloodedarea.,14,(二)谓语动词为复数的情况,1.由and连接的两个并列成分表示两个不同的概念。Bothbreadandbutteraresoldout.2.people,police,cattle等有生命的集体名词作主语。

Thepolicearelookingforthemissingchild.3.常用作复数或只有复数形式的名词goods,stairs,arms等名词作主语。ThegoodaremadeinChina.,15,4由山脉、群岛、瀑布、运动会等s结尾的专有名词作主语。TheHimalayasaretheroofoftheworld.5.anumberof/quantitiesof/agroupof/amountsof+名词作主语Anumberoftheotherplantwerefoundinthemountain.,16,Twopicturesonthewall,whichattractmanypeople。

Onthewalltwopictures,whichattractmanypeople.Theirteacheramongthestudents,whoisinherthirties.Amongthestudentstheirteacher,whoisinherthirties.,(三)倒装句中的语法一致,are,are,stands,stands,语法一致,17,Exercise,1.Climbinghillsofgreathelptohealth.A.isB.areC.wereD.be2.Somethinggonewrongwithmywatch.A.haveB.hasC.tohaveD.

be3.MathsthesubjectthatIlikemost.A.beB.areC.wereD.is4.Bothbreadandbuttersoldout.A.isB.wereC.areD.be5.Anumberoftheotherplantfoundinthemountain.A.isB.wereC.areD.be,A,B,D,C,B,18,SubjectverbAgreement,Summary,一.谓语单,二.谓语复,1.and连接的并列成分指的是同一概念作主语时;2.非谓语动词(名词性从句作主语时;3.不定代词等作主语时;4.形复意单、名词以ics结尾的学科名称、国名报纸名、书名等作主语时。

5.时、距、重、金钱等复数名词作主语,表达一个整体概念时;6.everyandeachmanya,no,连接两个单数名词作主语时;7.8.,1.由and连接的两个并列成分表示两个不同的概念时;2.people,police,cattle等有生命的集体名词作主语;3.常用作复数或只有复数形式的名词goods,stairs,arms等名词作主语;4.由山脉、群岛、瀑布、运动会等s结尾的专有名词作主语时;5.anumberof/quantitiesof/agroupof/amountsof+名词作主语,三.倒装句,19,Homework,1.Finishexercisesonpages5.2.Finishworkbookpage43usingstructures1。

2,3.,20,21,

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