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高中英语被动语态.ppt

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GrammarThePassiveVoice,1,语态(voice)是个语法范畴,它是一种动词形式,表示动词的主语与该动词所表示的动作之间的主动和被动关系。当主语是动作的执行者时,动词用主动语态(ActiveVoice);如果主语是动作的承受者,动词便用被动语态(PassiveVoice)。,Wecleanedtheclassroomyesterday.昨天我们打扫了教室。Theclassroomwascleanedbyusyesterday.昨天教室被我们打扫了。,一、被动语态的定义:,2,二、被动语态的一般结构:,即:be+done(+by),“be+及物动词的过去分词”,HamletwaswrittenbyShakespeare。

哈姆雷特是莎士比亚写的。Thetaskhasbeenfinished.任务已经完成了。,3,WespeakEnglish.,主语,谓语,宾语,Englishisspokenbyus.,主语,谓语,宾语,主动语态,被动语态,4,一般现在时:am/is/aredone一般过去时:was/weredone现在进行时:am/is/arebeingdone过去进行时:was/werebeingdone现在完成时:have/hasbeendone过去完成时:hadbeendone一般将来时:shall/willbedone;begoingtobedone当句中含有情态动词时,句子结构为can/must/havetobedone。

Heisregardedasabrilliantscientist.他被认为是一位才华横溢的科学家。,Thisbookwaswrittenin1969.这本书是1969年写成的。,Thebrokenbikeisbeingrepairednow.那辆坏了的自行车正在被修理。,Hetoldusthecatwasbeingwashedwhenwecalledhim.他告诉我们打电话时他正在给猫洗澡。,Thepenhasbeenusedforseveralyears.这支钢笔已经用了几年。,Hesaidthefactoryhadbeenopened.他说这家工厂已经开张。,Theworkwillbefinishedinthreehours。

工作将于三小时后完成。,Thebabymustbelookedafterwell.这孩子必须被好好照顾。,三、各种时态的被动语态:,5,PeoplespeakEnglishalmostallovertheworld.世界各地都有人讲英语。,Englishisspokenalmostallovertheworld.,1含有单宾语的句子转换:,四、主动变被动中的几个问题:,6,2.含有双宾语的句子转换,多将间接宾语改为主语。,IgavethebooktoMr.Smithyesterday.昨天我给了史密斯先生一本书。,ThebookwasgiventoMr.Smithyesterday(byme).。

Mr.Smithwasgivenabookyesterday(byme).,Mymotherwillbuymeacoatnextweek.变为被动语态,1.Acoatwillbeboughtformenextweek(bymymother).,2.Iwillbeboughtacoatnextweek(bymymother).,7,3.当动词后有复合宾语,变被动语态时,将宾语变为被动结构中的主语即可,其它不变。,Thebossfoundacooksmokinginthekitchen.Acookwasfoundsmokinginthekitchen.4.“getdone”也可表示被动语态,此结构比较口语化。

Thepatientgottreatedonceaweek.Shegotmarriedlastweek.,8,Peoplebelievethatheisanhonestboy.大家认为他是个诚实的孩子。,Itisbelievedthatheisanhonestboy.,Theboyisbelievedtobeanhonestone.,方法1)把宾语从句里的主语变成被动句的主语,同时把宾语从句中的谓语变成不定式短语。,方法2)用先行的it作形式主语,把宾语从句变成后置的主语从句;,5.当主动句的宾语是that引导的宾语从句,可转换为两种形式的被动句。,练习:Weallthinkthatwecouldwinthegame。

wearethoughttowinthegame.,Itisthoughtthatwecouldwinthegame.,9,以上即是汉语中含有“据说”、“据悉”、“据报道”、“有人说”、“大家说”等句式。Itissaidthatonedayheclimbedtothetopofahouse.ItisreportedthathermotherdiedofSARS.众所周知Itiswellknownthat据推测说Itissupposedthat,10,6.含有动词短语的句子转换。,Theyhaveneverlistenedtohim.,他们从不听他的话。,Hehasneverbeenlistenedto。

练习:Theytakegoodcareofthebaby.,Thebabyistakengoodcareofbythem.,注意:含动词词组的被动语态,须将其看作一个整体,不可把它们分隔开来,不要丢漏动词短语中的副词或介词。,11,Hemademedothework.,Iwasmadetodotheworkbyhim.,6.主动句中动词不带to,但在被动句中带to的几种情况:,练习:Weheardhimsaygoodbyetohisfriends.,Hewasheardtosaygoodbyetohisfriends.,注意:make,let,have/feel,hear,see,watch等词在主动句中动词不带to。

但在被动句中要带to,12,五、主动形式也可以表示被动意义的几种情况:,1、主语是物,谓语是表示主语特征或属性的不及物动词。常见的这类动词有write,read,wear,wash,clean,sell,run等。这些动词常与副词smoothly,easily,well,badly等连用。例如:,Themachinerunswell.Thispenwritesquitesmoothly.Thiskindofbooksellswell.,?,13,2、表示主语状态特征的连系动词:look,feel,smell,taste,sound,prove,appear等。例如:,Doyoulikethematerial?Yes。

it(feel)verysoft.,Yourideasoundsreasonable.Whathesaidprovedtobecorrect.,14,3.不及物动词和某些短语。happen,last,begin,stop,open,takeplace,breakout,comeabout,belongto,runout等.,(1)Worldwarbrokeoutin1937.(2)Theshopopensat6ameveryday.4.在need,want,require,deserve等词后用动名词的主动形式表示被动含义,也可用不定式的被动形式。Thematterwantslookinginto。

Thematterwantstobelookedinto.,15,5.beworth后接动名词的主动式表示被动意义。但可用beworthytobedone或beworthyofbeingdone,1.Hissuggestionisnotworthconsidering.,2.Thefilmiswellworthseeing.,3.Thefilmisworthytobeseen/ofbeingseen.,16,6.不定式在difficult,easy,hard,safe,good,fit,light等形容词之后作状语,且和句子主语有逻辑上的动宾关系时,用主动式表被动义。Thebookiseasytounderstand。

Themorningairisfreshtobreathe.Thegirliseasytogetalongwith.7.不定式作后置定语,与被修饰的名词构成动宾关系,又和该句主语或宾语构成主谓关系,用主动式表被动义。Shehassomethingtosay.Iwillgivehimsomethingtodrink.,17,8.某些作表语用的不定式,强调出租,责备,解雇等,此类常用的动词有let,hire,blame等。AmItoblame?我该受罚吗?Thehouseistolet.这房屋出租。9.非谓语动词的被动情况。Thehousetobebuiltnextyearisourlab.Thehousebeingbuiltnowisourlab。

Thehousebuiltlastyearisourlab.beingdone/tobedone/donehavingbeendonetohavebeendone,18,高考直击:,1.Anexhibitionofpaintings(hold)atthemuseumnextweek2.Everypossiblemeans(try),butnone(prove)successful3.Thequestionheaskedishard(answer)4.Bytheendoflastyear,anothernewgymnasium(complete)inBeijing.5Morethanadozenstudentsinthatschool(send)abroadtostudymedicinelastyear。

6.Sarah,hurryup.Imafraidyouwouldnthavetimeto(change)beforetheparty.,练习,istobeheld,hasbeentried,proves,toanswer,hadbeencompleted,weresent,getchanged,19,7.Rainforests(cut)andburnedatsuchaspeedthattheywilldisappearfromtheearthinthefuture.8.Ifeelitisyourhusbandwho(blame)forthespoiledchild.9.Greatchanges(takeplace)inthecity。

andalotoffactories(setup)inthepastfewyears.10.Thefootballmatch(hold)inourschoolnextweek.,arebeingcut,istoblame,havetakenplace,havebeensetup,isgoingtobeheld,20,II.下列句子均有一处错误,请改正。1.Dontworry!Youwillnotbelaughedforthat.2.Thefilmissointerestingthatitwillwatchagainandagain.3.Ipromisethismatterwillbetakecareof。

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