• / 30

高中英语构词法.ppt

资源描述:
《高中英语构词法.ppt》由本站会员分享,支持在线阅读,更多《高中英语构词法优质整理.ppt》相关的内容可在三九文库网上搜索。

英语快速记忆构词法,语言是随着人类社会的不断发展而发展的。一些旧词的过时意味着需要人们创造出一些新的词,而新的词的产生,大抵服从语法的法则,有其规律可循。语言的这种弃旧创新不断完善和发展的过程体现出一种规律构词法(wordformation)。,1,Classify:pathwayfreedomdarkestplaceunfairlockeverydayriversidenursedisagree,合成词(有两个或更多的词合成一个词):,转化词(将一种词性转化成另一种词性):,派生词(在词根上加上前、后缀构成另外一个词):,everydaypathwayriverside,unfairdarkestdisagreefreedom。

lockplacenurse,2,构词法,构词法:,合成(Compounding),派生法(Derivation)【前缀/后缀】,转化法(Conversion)【词性转换】,3,合成词Compound,painkiller,止痛药,4,colorblind,色盲,5,sleepwalk,梦游,sleepwalker,6,1.合成名词(1)n+nairconditionerbloodpressureincometaxcreditcard(2)adj+ncentralbankfastfood,空调血压所得税信用卡中央银行快餐,7,solarsystemremotecontrol(3)ving+另一词washingmachinedrivinglicense(4)其他方式byproducteditorinchief。

太阳系遥控洗衣机驾驶执照副产品主编,8,2.合成形容词(1)过去分词或带ed词尾的词构成。absentmindedgreyhaired(2)动词的ing或另一词构成longsufferingfarreaching,心不在焉的头发灰白的长期受苦的深远的(影响),9,3.合成动词及合成副词overeatbabysitemptyhanded,吃得太多看孩子一无所获的,10,加前缀:happyhappy加后缀:developdevelop既加前缀又加后缀:employemploy,un,ment,un,ment,派生词(derivation),11,派生法(Derivation)词缀法,1.前缀:,Pre(前)。

Prereading,preview,prepay,Re(重新),Rewrite,reconsider,reuse,dis(不),disagree,dislike,disappear,in/im(不),incorrect,impossible,mis(错误或失当),super(超级),mini(微小),misunderstand,mislead,supermarket,superman,miniskirt,minibus,12,foretell,forecast,post(之后),postwar,postreading,fore(前,预先),semicircle,semifinal,semi(半。

部分),antiwar,antiJapanesewar,anti(阻止,抗),underground,underdevelop,under(在下,在中),13,2.常见的后缀,1).名词后缀:erortionmentityisthoodion,请将以下单词和上列相应的后缀相连,组成新词:work,educate,develop,visit,satisfy,teach,sail,ability,piano,art,child,act,brother,solute,conclude,move,possible,14,erortionmentityisthoodion,teacher,workervisitor。

sailoreducation,satisfactiondevelopment,movementability,possibilitypianist,artistchildhood,brotherhoodaction,solution,conclusion,如:,15,ousfulable,ibleant,entary,dangerous,humoroushelpful,carefulcomfortable,responsibleimportant,excellentmilitary,voluntary,2).形容词后缀:,3).副词性的词缀:,lywards,quickly,softly,yearlybackwards。

forwards,16,转化法(Conversion),Ithasagoodtaste.,Ittastesverygood.,record,n.记录,v.记录,LiuXiangBrokethe100mHurdlesWorldRecord.,Heliestorecordsomethingwhilereadingabook.,17,correct,correction,incorrect,independent,depend,dependable,disable,disability,impossible,possible,possibility,wrong,mistaken,mistake,misunderstand。

understand,undergraduate,graduate,graduation,n.,反义,独立的,词根,adj.,残疾的,n.,不可能的,n.,反义,n.,误解,词根,大学生,词根,n.,近义,反义,WordsBuilding,18,correct,n.,反义,独立的,词根,adj.,残疾的,n.,不可能的,n.,反义,n.,误解,词根,大学生,词根,n.,近义,反义,WordsBuilding,19,correct,correction,incorrect,independent,depend,dependable,disable,disability,impossible,possible。

possibility,expression,education,wrong,mistaken,mistake,understand,underground,undergraduate,graduate,graduation,underway,subway,subtitle,always,sideways,n,教育,表达,O,独立的,root,adj,残疾的,n,不可能的,O,n,S,S,n,误解,root,大学生,root,n,地下的,地下通道,地铁,副标题,总是,misunderstand,20,缩写和简写:缩写和简写(也被称为截断法或缩短法)主要采取:“截头”,“去尾”或者“既截头又去尾”的方法生成新词。

telephonephoneairplaneplanelaboratorylabmathematicsmathadvertisementadexaminationexam,21,另外还有许多缩写词是由各个单词的首字母组成.CD(compactdisk)CCTV(ChinaCentralTelevision)NBA(NationalBasketballAssociation)UFO(unidentifiedflyingobject)UN(UnitedNations)ID(identification)USA(UnitedStatesofAmerica),22,1.Hewasoneofthebestinyesterdaysfootballmatch。

(play)2.Look!HowKateislaughing!(happy)3.Itsnowedlastnightandnowthestreetsarecoveredwithsnow.(heavy)4.Edisonwasagreat.Duringhislifehehadmany.(invent),players,happily,heavily,inventor,inventions,构词法精练,Usetheappropriateformofthewordstofillintheblanks.,23,5.MoreandmorehavecometovisitChinaovertheseyears.

(foreign)6.Wewantreasonsforyourfailuretohelp.(satisfy)7.Pleasegivemesomereferencework.Itwillmytask.(simple)8.Theboyhadtheofbeinghalfstarved.(appear)9.ThepolicehaveaplotagainstthePresident.(cover)10.ThedoctorsaidthatMarysmotherneededan.(operate),foreigners,satisfactory,simplify,appearance,uncovered,operation。

24,11.Shehopedthathersonwouldbecomea.(music)12.Fewwordsmadeusexcited.(speak)13.Thedaysonthemoongethotterthanwater.(boil)14.Thankyouforyour.(kind)15.Manycollegestudentsworkwhiletheyarestudyingbecausetheywanttomakesomemoneyfortheircollege.(expensive)16.MostinternationallettersarewritteninEnglish,too.(busy)。

musician,spoken,boiling,kindness,expenses,business,25,17.Theboynoticedanmistakeonhispaper,buthedecidednottosayanythingaboutit.(correct)18.WheninRome,doasthedo.(Rome)19.Theteacherwaspleasedwithher.(honest)20.Themotherdidntknowwhyherdaughterwascrying.(noise),uncorrected,Romans,honesty,noisily,26,附:类比构词(WordFormationbyAnalogy)。

类比构词是英语中一种有趣而又实用的构词方式。构词特点是,以某个同类词为模式,在语义上进行联想类比,替换其中某个词素,构造出与之对应或类似的新词来。例如:workaholic(工作迷)系仿alcoholic(嗜酒者)而造seajack(海上劫持)和skyjack(空中劫持)则是类比hijack(拦路抢劫)hijacker(强盗)而成,故都属类比词。,从原形词与类比词的联系来看,英语类比构词大致可分以下三大类:,27,一.数字、色彩类比,数字类比,例如,美国总统夫人在英语中称FirstLady(第一夫人),通过该词美国人又联想类比出FistFamily(第一家庭)。FirstMother(第一母亲

展开阅读全文
 温馨提示:
下载提示
关于本文
本文标题:高中英语构词法.ppt
链接地址:https://www.999doc.com/61078.html
关于我们 - 网站声明 - 网站地图 - 资源地图 - 友情链接 - 网站客服 - 联系我们

copyright © 2016-2021  999doc三九文库网 版权所有

经营许可证编号:苏ICP备2020069977号  网站客服QQ:772773258  联系电话:0518-83073133