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高考英语精准备考复习(外研版):单元检测(四十六) Which English? Word版含解析.docx

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英语高考总复习单元检测(四十六)WhichEnglish?Ⅰ.阅读理解ATheEnglishlanguagehasalotofwordswhichcanbeusedinmanydifferentwaysandinmanydifferentexpressions.Onesuchexampleisthewordmatter.Infact,mattercanmeanjustaboutanything.ItcouldbeoneofthemostusefulwordsintheEnglishlanguage.Letsgettotheheartofthematter—amatterofprinciple。

Ifsomeonesaysthatyouowehim$50,butyoudont,afriendmightsay,“Well,youcouldpayhimthe$50.Itsnotthatmuchmoney.Thenyouwonthavetohearhimsayitanymore.”Butifyoudonotowehimthemoney,donotpayhimthemoney.Itsamatterofprinciple.Thereisanotherwaytousethewordmatter.Butbecarefulwithyourchoiceofwords.Ifyouasksomeone。

“Whatsthematter?”,itshowsyouareworriedabouttheotherperson.Butsaying,“Whatsthematterwithyou?”hasacompletelydifferentmeaning.Anditusuallysoundsrude.Infact,whenyousay,“Whatsthematterwithyou?”,youaresuggestingthatthepersondidsomethingwrongorstupid.Anotherexpressionthatcouldsoundrudeistosay。

“Itdoesntmattertome.”Here,itdependsonthecontext,andhowyousayit.Letssayyoutellsomeonethatafriendjustgotabigraiseatwork.Thatpersonanswerswith,“Itdoesntmattertome.”Here,itmeansheorshedoesnotcare.Anditsoundsrude.Butsaying,“Oh,youpickwhereweeatdinner.Itdoesntmattertome.”doesnotsoundrude.Inthissituation。

“itdoesntmatter”showsyouareeasygoing.Nomatterhowyoulookatitandwhatyousay,matterisaveryusefulword.Anditsonlyamatteroftimebeforeyouwillbecomeanexpertontheuseofmatter.语篇解读:本文是一篇说明文。文章主要介绍了matter一词的诸多用法。1.Wecaninferfromthetextthatthewordmatter.A.hasawideuseB.canmeanmoneyC.isthemostusedEnglishwordD.hasthemostdifferentexpressions解析:选A推理判断题。

根据第一、二段的描述可知,matter一词用法很广。2.WhatistheauthorssuggestioninParagraph4?A.Everypennycounts.B.Sticktowhatisright.英语高考总复习C.Followyourfriendsadvice.D.Becarefulwhenmakingfriends.解析:选B推理判断题。根据第四段中的“Butifyoudonotowehimthemoney,donotpayhimthemoney.Itsamatterofprinciple.”可推测,作者认为

重要的是原则问题。因此他觉得在对的事情上要坚持自己的立场,不要轻易作出让步或改变。3.Theunderlinedword“context”inthetextprobablymeans“”.A.choiceC.situationB.personD.answer解析:选C词义猜测题。根据倒数第二、三段举例说明“Itdoesntmattertome.”在不同的语境意思不同可知,该表达取决于上下文语境,故选situation。4.Theauthordevelopsthetextmainlyby.A.usingexamplesB.givinginstructionsC.describinghisexperiencesD.discussingresearchfindings解析:选A写作手法题。

根据文中用不同的例子来讲解matter的用法可知,作者主要是通过举例来展开全文的。BGeneticallymodified(GM)foods(转基因食品)havebeenaroundformanyyears.Theyaredevelopedforanumberofdifferentreasons—tofightdisease,resistpests,improvenutrition,survivedrought—andaremainlyfoundinourfoodsupplyinprocessedfoodsusingcorn,soybeansandasfeedforfarmanimals。

Aretheysafe?Howdotheyaffecttheenvironment?Cantheyimprovefoodsecurity?IstheworldbetteroffwithorwithoutGMfoods?SupportersofGMfoodssaythatfarmerswhogrowthesecropsareabletousefewerenvironmentallydamagingfarmchemicals.Theincreasedoutputisimportanttofeedingtheworldsgrowingpopulation.AndmanystudieshaveshownthatGMfoodsaresafetoeatandthattheresnoactualevidenceofanyhealthrisks。

Theyalsoaddthatthefoodshavebeenthoroughlyexaminedandhavegainedapprovalforeatingfromawidevarietyofgovernmentandscientificbodies.Critics,however,areconcernedthatthesefoodshavenotbeenstrictlytestedandarepotentiallydangerousforboththeenvironmentandpeopleshealth.TheysayfarmersgrowingGMcropshaveactuallyincreasedtheiruseoffarmchemicals。

Andthewidespreaduseofthecrops,theysay,hasalsoledtoanincreaseinweedsandinsectsthathaveresistancetofarmchemicals.And,theyargue,thereisstillnoscientificevidenceofthelongtermsafetyofthesefoods.Fourscientistsrecentlytookonthosequestionsinadebate,facingofftwoagainsttwoon英语高考总复习GMfoods。

IntheseOxfordstyledebates,theteamthatgetsthemostpeopleonitssidebytheendisthewinner.Beforethedebate,theaudienceattheKaufmanMusicCenterinNewYorkvoted32percentinfavorofGMfoods,with30percentagainstand38percentundecided.Afterward,60percentagreedwithGMfoods,and31percentdisagreed—makingthesidearguinginfavorofGMfoodsthewinnersofthisdebate。

语篇解读:本文是一篇议论文。文章主要报道了科学家们针对转基因食品进行辩论的情况。5.WhatsthemainpurposeofParagraph1?A.ToadvertiseGMfoods.B.ToshowwhatGMfoodsare.C.Tointroducethetopicofthetext.D.ToexplainwhyGMfoodsaredeveloped.解析:选C写作意图题。文章第一段提出转基因食品产生的原因并在最后连续提了四个问题,表示人们对它的担忧,从而引出讨论的话题。6.Whatsthemainfocusofthedebate?A.ThenecessityofproducingGMfoods。

B.WhetherGMcropscanhelptoavoidhunger.C.WhetherGMfoodsarescientificallyexamined.D.GMfoodseffectonhumanhealthandtheenvironment.解析:选D细节理解题。由第二段中的“usefewerenvironmentallydamagingfarmchemicals”“GMfoodsaresafetoeatandthattheresnoactualevidenceofanyhealthrisks”和第三段的“areconcernedthatthesefoods。

..environmentandpeopleshealth”可知,科学家争论的焦点是转基因食品对人类健康及环境的影响。7.WhatdoweknowaboutthedebateattheKaufmanMusicCenter?A.Therewerefourvotesforthedebate.B.Abouthalfoftheaudiencehadnoideaaboutit.C.Itwasafacetofacedebatebetweentwoandtwo.D.Thewinnerofthedebatewasdecidedbythejudges.解

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