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高考英语改错题词法解题技巧.docx

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高考英语改错题词法解题技巧错误形式与改法1改词2添词3删词详解:1改词(8个):在文中该词下面划横线();在题号后横线上写出要改的词。2添词(1个):在文中标上添词符号(∧);在题号后横线上写出要添的词。3去掉(1个):在文中用斜线(\)划掉该词;在题号后写上要划掉的词,并也用斜线划掉。2.词法错误:错误的项目分布大多有名词、代词、动词、介词、冠词、连词、形容词和副词、非谓语动词以及情态动词等。词法错误主要集中在不同类别的词在习惯用法和意义上出现错误。一般情况,应注意一下下列各类词是否有误:(1)名词:名词一般集中于a。

可数名词单复数是否变化出错,b.不可数名词随意加复数,c.固定搭配中的名词是否有错等。a.I’llgetgoodmarksinallmysubject.subjects可数名词无变化b.IhadnodifficultiesinfindingherhousesasIhadheraddress.difficulty固定搭配中不可数名次无需sc.Stayclosetoyourteacherandclassmate.classmate改为classmates(2).代词:代词的错误主要集中在人称代词是否一致、主宾格错误、物主代词的不一致、指示代词的单复数不一致、反身代词的误用、不定代词的意义理解错误等。

比如:a.Thesmithsdidhisbesttomakemefeelathometheir物主代词错误b.Nowsomeoneathomereadsinstead.everyone/everybody不定代词错误c.IwaslearningtoexpressmeinsimpleEnglish.myself反身代词错误d.Althoughthisfewwordssoundsimpleenough…these指示代词错误f.Wemustfoundwaystoprotectyourenvironment.your→our/the。

(3)动词:动词的错误主要分成两大种:谓语动词和非谓语动词1.谓语动词主要集中在动词的时态或语态不一致,有的是单三,有的是过去时;情态动词、系动词、助动词的错误或缺失多余等。2.非谓语动词的用法错误主要集中在:谓语动词和非谓语动词的错用;动词不定式和动名词的错用;现在分词和过去分词的错用等。a.WhenIwasachild,Ihopedtoliveinthecity.IthinkIwouldbehappythere.时态错误think→thoughtb.Booksmaybekeepforfourweeks.语态错误kepta。

b.c.c.watchTVdemandsverylittleeffort.非谓语动词中的动名词错误watchingd.They∧eagertoknoweverythingaboutChina.缺系动词were,缺词e.Well,Ihadbettertostopnow.多词不定式符号to去掉to,多余f.Lotsofstudieshavebeenshownthatglobalwarminghasalreadybecomeaveryseriouslyproblem.删掉beeng.Suddenlythearrowswasflyingdownatusfromthesky。

was改为were(4)冠词:冠词一般出现大多都是不定冠词、定冠词的误用、缺少或多余、myfirstvisittoaAmericanfamily.冠词错误a改为anWemaybeonefamilyandliveunderasameroof冠词错误a改为theThereis∧publiclibraryineverytowninBritain.缺冠词,is后加不定冠词ad.EveryafewweeksIcometoseemyfriendsandchatwiththem.冠词多余a去掉,固定搭配错误(5)形容词和副词:主要考查形容词和副词的误用、形容词及副词的比较级等。

根据adj.或adv.的基本用法确定错误;1)连系动词后用形容词表语2)修饰名词用形容词;3)修饰动词、形容词及整个句子用副词。a.Iamsurewe’llhaveawonderfullytimetogether.做定语错误改为wonderfulb.Unfortunate,Imissedtheearlytrain,soIwaslate.做状语错误改为unfortunatelyc.Thefruitsaresmallinsize,butjuicyandtaste.taste改为tasty(6)介词:介词的错误主要是介词的误用以及介词的多余或缺失a。

Unfortunately,therearetoomanypeopleamongmyfamily.介词错误,误用,改为inb.Butwedonotseemtogetmuchtimetotalkabouttogether.介词多余about去掉c.I’msureyouwillgetrid∧thesorrowandunhappinesscausedbythedisaster.介词缺失getridof(7).连词:连词的出错主要集中在句子的结构性错误,句中没有或多了连接词;或者是连词的意义错误.主要包括并列连词和从属连词。

a.b.c.d.e.f.welovepeace,andwedon’tfearwar.意义出错,and应该改为butHesayshewillcometoseeme,∧hegivesmeasmilefriendly.缺乏连接词and,在he之前加andItwasaboutnoon∧wearrivedatthefootofthemountain.缺连词whenSheneverhasenoughtimeforthatshewantstodo.连词错误,that改为whatButitdidn’tmatterthatIwouldwinornot。

连词错误连词that应该改为whetherThisisthebestfilmwhichIhaveeverseen.先行词前有最高级修饰用关系代词that以上几大类别,都是在改错题中比较容易出现、常考察的类型。所以,一般情况下,在做改错题时,把握上述几点很重要。总之,在改错时,把握全篇全段,重在意义,然后语法、惯用法的原则,攻克新型改错题就不会是盲目被动、无的放矢了。短文改错口诀动词形,名词数,还要注意形和副;非谓语,细辨别,习惯用法要记住;句子成分多分析,逻辑错误须关注;冠词连词常光顾四不改:①标点符号不改。

②大小写不改。③词序不调换(可按错词或少词来改)。1.考点设置之名词1.Shesaidthatsheandmyschoolmateallwishedmesuccess.(schoolmate改为schoolmates)2.Afterclasswebecomestrangeratonce.(stranger改为strangers)3.Ilookedathisotherhands.(hands改为hand)(4.OnthewayupIwasbusytakingpicturesincethescenerywassobeautiful.picture改为pictures)5。

Thereareadvantageforstudentstoworkwhilestudyingatschool.(advantage改为advantages)6.Hehadnoideasthatthekitchenwasnotforguests.(ideas改为idea)2.考点设置之代词Ihaveagoodfriendwho’snameisLiuMei.(who’s改为whose)Itwasaboutnoonwhenwearrivedatthefootofthemountain.Thethreeofthemwereveryexcited.(them改为us)OnedayIwrotealittlestoryandshowedtomyteacher。

(showed后加it)3.考点设置之介词Wedonotseemtogetmuchtimetotalkabouttogether.(去掉about)IwassotiredthatIfellasleepatthemomentmyheadtouchedthepillow.(去掉at)ThemainproblemwasinthatIalwaysthoughtinChineseandtriedtotranslateanythingintoEnglish.(去掉was后in)We’lltalkwithourplanfortheweekendoverdinner。

(with改为about)Iamwritingtothankyouwithyourkindhelp.(with改为for)Hewaslookingforaglassthecupboard.(glass后加in)4.考点设置之动词Theydidnotwantmetodoanyworkathome;theywantmetodevoteallmytimetomystudiessothat(did改为do)Thetimepassesquickly.Eveningcame.(passes改为passed)Shelikeditverymuchandreadsittotheclass。

(reads改为read)Iwillwriteagainandsendyouthephotoswetaketogether.(take改为took)Earningtheirownmoneyallowthemtospendonanythingastheyplease.(allow改为allows)MyparentswilldoalltheycanmakesurethatIgetagoodeducation.(make前加to)SoonIbegantoenjoytalktomyselfonpaperasIwaslearningtoexpressmyselfinsimpleEnglish。

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