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高考英语《七选五型》阅读理解.doc

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高考英语《七选五型》阅读理解(黑、吉、辽、陕、宁、琼、京使用)七选五常考题型(1)主旨题:考查考生对文章的整体理解和把握。(2)逻辑关系题:因果条件、表达条件关系的词汇衔接手段(3)例证题:文章中举出一些例子无非是为了说明一定的道理。因此是解题的关键,要特别关注。(4)定义题:定义题的出现往往与文章结构有关系,多出现在段首。题型特点:  (1)这种题型的命题形式是给考生一篇字数在200300单词的短文,有目的地在文章中去除5处信息,形成5处信息空缺,提供总共7个备选选项(待选信息),要求考生选出5个合适的选项对应地填入原文中的5处空缺,从而将原文恢复成一篇完

(2)注重考查学生的逻辑思维能力。新题型要求考生具备词汇、句子、语段、语篇的知识,同时具有综合、分析、归纳的逻辑思维能力。(3)题材新颖。具有时代气息与学生的学习经历和生活经历相适应。题型分析与解题步骤:1.不必要先浏览文章,因为文章缺乏信息,内容不完整。2.由于选项是要填入空缺处的目标,这样有了对目标的把握,就可以“以目标为导向的”去阅读文章。  3.浏览选项,划出关键词、主题词。如人名、地名等。  4.观察文章已给信息与后面7个选项中所给信息之间的关系。5.要特别注意空格前段落结尾部分以及空格后段落开始部分出现的关键词(名词、动词、连词、数词、冠词等),  6。

检查恢复后的文章是不是在整体上具有连贯性和一致性。主题参考根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。71Suchasrunnynoses,sorethroats,nothingquitelikethecommoncoldtomakeyoufeelmiserable.Butexpertsbelievethatthereisnolinkbetweencoldweatherandcatchingcolds.72InternalMedicineexpert,DrMeenakshiJainofMaxHospitalsays,“Onereasoncouldbethatpeoplearelikelytostayindoors。

sotheviruscanspreadeasily.73”Thecommoncoldisaviralinfectionthatcanbecausedbyanyofupto250strainsofvirus,themostcommongroupofwhicharetherhinovirusthathitthenose.74“Theyaretransmittedthroughthenoserespiratorypassages,bytouch,andbycontactwithairborneparticlesthatarecreatedbysneezingorcoughing,”saysDrJain.Thereisnocureforthecommoncoldandantibioticsareofnohelp.However。

therearesomeprecautionswhichcanhelp:75Inthiscase,youcanprotectyourhandsfromgettinggerms.Don’ttouchyoureyes,noseandmouth,whichcanlimityourchancesofinfection.Don’tsharedrinkingglassesorutensilswithanyoneasthiswillpreventthespreadofthevirus.Makesuretoeatenoughfruitstoboostyourimmunesystem.A.Alsothevirusthrivesinhumidity.B.Drinklotsoffluidstoavoiddehydration.C.Theyareresponsibleforanywherebetweenathirdandhalfofallcommoncolds.D.Getenoughsleepandyou’llcertainlyfeelbetter.E.Sowhyareweparticularlyvulnerable(脆弱的)thisseason?F.Washyourhandsregularly.G.It’swinterandyouhaveprobablynoticedgermsareeverywhere.答案:71—75GEACF根据短文内容。

从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。A7.0magnitude(级)earthquakekilledmorethan230,000peopleinHaiti.Thenan8.8magnitudequakekilledmorethan900peopleinChile.Andfewweekslater,a6.0magnitudequakestruckruraleasternTurkey,killingatleast57people.Theearthquakeskeptcominghardandfast.71It’snot.Theproblemiswhat’shappeningaboveground。

notunderground,expertssay.72They’rerapidlyputtingupbuildingsthatcan’tstanduptoearthquakes,scientistsbeliever.Andnewsreportsandbetterearthquakemonitoringmakeitseemasifearthquakesareincreasingallthetime.Onaverage,thereare134earthquakesayearthathaveamagnitudebetween6.0and6.9.Sofarthisyeartherehavebeen40earthquakes—morethaninmostyearsforthattimeperiod.Butthat’sbecausethe8.8quakeinChilecausedalargenumberofstrongaftershocks.Also。

it’snotthenumberofquakes,buttheirdestructiveeffectsthatgainattention.Thedeathislargelyduetobuildingstandards,73PaulEarle,aUSseismologist,calledforbetterbuildingstandardsintheworld’sbigcities.Ofthe130citiesworldwidewithpopulationsofmorethanImillion,morethanhalfarelikelytobehitbyearthquakes.74“Ifyouhaveaproblemfeedingyourself。

you’renotreallygoingtoworryaboutearthquakes,”saidPaul.Theearthquakesmadeeveryonestarttothink75“Peoplearepayingattentiontotheviolentplanetwe’realwayslivedon.Comebackananothersixmothsiftherehasbeennoearthquakes,mostpeoplewillhaveforgottenitagain,”saidUSdisasterresearcherDennisMileti.A.Butitwon’tlast.B.Morepeoplearemovingintobigcities.C.Earthquakesdon’tkillpeople。

buildingsdo.D.Therehavebeenmoredeathsovertthepastdecadefromearthquakes.E.Manypeoplebegantowonderifsomethingterribleishappeningunderground.F.Whileitseemsasifthearemoreearthquakesoccurring,therereallyaren’t.G.Butdevelopingnationswithgrowingpopulationsdon’tpayattentiontoearthquakepreparedness.答案:71—75EBCGA根据短文内容。

从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余项。Gettingyourchildrentostudycanbealittlelikegettingthemtoeattheirvegetables.71Makeastudytimeandhaveitatthesametimeeveryday.Thiswillhelpyourkidtolearntoscheduletheirdayandwillgivethemasenseofcontroloverhowtheyspendtheirtime.Allowthemtostudyinblockoftime,suchasforhalfanhourwithafiveminutebreakinthemiddle.72Ideal(理想的)studytimesareafterdinnerorrightafterschoolbeforedinner.Neverallowyourchildrentostudyinfrontofthetelevision。

asthatwillencouragepassiveactivity.7374You’llalsoneedtohelpyourkidsfindtherightplacetostudy.Afteryou’vesetupagoodstudytimeforlittlelearners,setupagoodplacewheretheycangetthosecreativejuicesflowing.Makesurethereisatableoradeskandacomfortablechair.75Thisincludeshelpingthemoutwiththeirhomeworksometimesandbeingthereforthemwiththeanswerstoanyquestions.Theinputyougiveyourchildrenduringstudyperiodswillhelpformabondandhelpmakestudyingenjoyable.A.PickaplacewhereyourchildrencanstudyproperlyB.Holdthemtothescheduletheycreateforthemselves.C.Finally。

spendtimewithyourkidswhenthey’restudying.D.Keeptheatmospherelightandofferlotsofencouragement,too.E.Instead,useTVasatreatorarewardwhenthehomeworkiscompleted.F.Trytostopthisbadhabitbyofferingsomesortofreward.G.Oneofthebestwaystofromgoodstudyhabitsforyourkidsistodesignaschedulethattheykeepto.答案:7175GBEAC根据短文内容。

从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。Nowitisjobhuntingseasonagain.Thejobfairsfloodwithhundredsandthousandsof2011graduatestudents.Owingtotheglobalfinancialcrests,mostofthegraduatestudentsadmitthatjobhuntingisnotthateasyandlonger.Itisalwaysapainfulprocessforcollegestudentstofindjobs.71However,jobpositionsarequitelimited.Inordertogetajob。

thecandidatesshouldbemorecompetitivethaneverbefore.AChineseexpertpredictedthatthejobhuntingpressureinChina,witharocketingincreaseintheactivelaborforce,wouldreachitsclimaxin2006,Yet,thissituationcontinuesin2010.InordertotransferthehumanresourcesthataremorethanneededorwantedtothelessdevelopedareasinChina。

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