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高考英语语法之代词讲解与练习(含答案).docx

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代词高考考查最多的是不定代词,因为不定代词是整个代词中最为活跃的部分,其次是名词性物主代词和反身代词。一.代词的分类单数复数人称代词物主代词主格宾格形容词性名词性第一人称Imemyminemyself第二人称youyouyouryoursyourself第三人称hesheithimherithisheritshishersitshimself第一人称weusouroursourselves第二人称youYouyouryoursyourselves第三人称theythemtheirtheirsthemselves相互反身代词指示代词宾格herselfitselfthisthatsuchthesethosesucheachotheroneanother代词所有格eachother’soneanother’s不定代词可数不可数可数不可数复合不定代词疑问代词连接代词关系代词oneeach。

many,(a)few,both,another,either.,neithermuch,(a)littleanyotherallsomeanyoneanybodyanythingsomebodysomethingsomeoneeveryoneeverythingeverybodynobodynothingwhowhomwhosewhichwhatwhowhomwhosewhichwhatwhowhomwhosewhichthat二.代词的用法1.人称代词①在句中作主语用主格,在句中作宾语,则用宾格;Sheteachesthemphysics。

②在句中作表语常用宾格;Whoisit?It’sme.但有时要用主格:ItwasIwhotoldhimthewholestory.在强调句型中,强调的是主语,故I用主格。③两个或两个以上的人称代词并列时,其顺序是:单数按2,3,1人称排列,复数按1,2,3人称顺序排列。you,sheandI;we,youandthey2.物主代词①形容词性物主代词只能作宾语Weloveourmotherland.②名词性物主代词可用作主语,表语和宾语Yourcoatisblackwhilemineisred.3.反身代词①用作宾语、表语。

或主语、宾语的同位语HeteacheshimselfJapaneseeveryevening.(宾语)Sheisnotquiteherselftoday.她今天身体不太舒服。(表语)Imyselfcanrepairthebike.(主语的同位语)②常用含有反身代词的惯用语归纳byoneself=alone独自foroneself独立、为自己beoneself处于正常状态,显得自然enjoyoneself玩得愉快seatoneself坐下dressoneselfin给自己穿devoteoneselfto专心于、献身于helponeselfto不用客气cometooneself苏醒makeoneselfathome不要客气4。

指示代词①this和that是近指,that和those是远指Idon’twantthisbook.Iwantthatone.②有时为了避免重复,常用that/those来代表前面出现过的名词Atthistimeofyear,theweatherhereismuchcolderthanthatinNanjing.④such的用法such一般在句中作定语和主语.用作定语时,它所修饰的名词前的不定冠词应放在之后。Suchismyanswer.Sucharetheresultsoftheexams.Ihaveneverseensuchbeautifulflowers。

用作定语时,它所修饰的名词前的不定冠词应放在such之后suchagoodbook。5.相互代词①在句中可作宾语Theyhelpeachotherandlearnfromeachother.②加’s后成为所有格,作定语Theyaskedaboutoneanother’slifeandwork.6.不定代词不定代词one,some,any和itsome多用于肯定句,any多用于疑问句和否定句。each和everyall和both区别one可以泛指人或者事(东西)。

其复数为ones。some可用于疑问句中,表示盼望得到肯定的答复,或者表示建议,请求等。some和any修饰可数名词单数时,some表示某个,any表示任何一个。each强调个别,代表的数可以是两个或两个以上,而every强调整体,所指的数必须是三个或三个以上。both指两个人或物,而all指三个以上的人或物.在句中都可作主语,宾语,表语,同位语和定语前者意思为:两者中任何一方either和neither都;后者意思为:两者都不。few和little。

afew和alittlefew和little表示没有多少,含否定意义,而afew和alittle表示一些,有几个,含肯定意义.另外,few与afew修饰可数名词,little与alittle修饰不可数名词。此外quiteafew,quitealittle意思是“不少,相当多的”。练习:1Ourneighborsgaveababybirdyesterdaythathurtwhenitfellfromitsnest.A.us,itB.us,itselfC.ourselves。

itselfD.ourselves,it2Tosaveclasstime,ourteacherhasstudentsdohalfoftheexerciseinclassandcompletetheotherhalfforhomework.A.usB.weC.ourD.ours3Someofthestampsbelongtome,whiletherestare.A.himandherB.hisandhersC.hisandherD.himandhers4—WhocalledmethismorningwhenIwasout?—AmancallingRobert。

A.himB.himselfC.hisD.不填5Isn’titamazinghowthehumanbodyhealsafteraninjury?A.himselfB.himC.itselfD.it6—Hegothisfirstbookpublished.Itturnedouttobeabestseller.—Whenwas?—wasin2000whenhewasstillincollege.A.that;ThisB.this;ItC.it;ThisD.that;It7Ifyoucan’tdecidewhichofthetwobookstoborrow。

whydon’tyoutake?Iwon’treadthemthisweek.A.allB.anyC.eitherD.both8Youmaydropinorjustgivemeacall.willdo.A.EitherB.EachC.NeitherD.All9Ofallthebooksonthedesk,isofanyuseforourstudy.A.nothingB.nooneC.neitherD.none10ItwashardforhimtolearnEnglishinafamily,inwhichoftheparentsspokethelanguage。

A.noneB.neitherC.bothD.each11There’scookingoilleftinthehouse.Wouldyougotothecornerstoreandget?A.little;somesomeD.alittle;any12―Wouldyoulike,sir?―No,thanks.Ihavehadmuch.B.little;anyC.alittle;A.somemoreorangesB.anymoreorangesC.somemoreorangeD。

anymoreorange13I’mmovingtothecountrysidebecausetheairthereismuchfresherthaninthecity.A.onesB.oneC.thatD.those14We’vebeenlookingathousesbuthaven’tfoundwelikeyet.A.oneB.onesC.itD.them15—Thereisstillacopyofthebookinthelibrary.Willyougoandborrow?—No,

I’dratherbuyinthebookstore.A.it;oneB.one;oneC.one;itD.it;it16—Oneweek’stimehasbeenwasted.—Ican’tbelievewedidallthatworkfor.A.somethingB.nothingC.everythingD.anything17Shedoesn’tknowanyonehere.Shehasgottotalkto.A.anyoneB.someoneC.everyoneD.noone18IfIcanhelp。

Idontlikeworkinglateintothenight.A.soB.thatC.itD.them19I’dappreciateifyouwouldliketoteachmehowtousethecomputer.A.thatB.itC.thisD.you20(全国II)Charleswasaloneathome,withlookingafterhim.A.someoneB.anyoneC.notoneD.noone21(全国II)TheCDsareonsale!Buyoneandyougetcompletelyfree。

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