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高考英语语法填空专项训练动词的时态语态综合练习.docx

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WORD格式语法填空专项训练时态语态解题技巧在高考英语语法填空中,一般有一空是考查谓语动词的时态,同时有一空是考查非谓语动词,因此,首先要判断括号中所给动词是谓语动词还是非谓语动词;若是谓语动词,一是根据主语与谓语动词的关系判断用主动语态还是用被动语态,二是根据具体的语境来判断用哪一种时态,进而确定所填动词的形式。例1:Thisproverbissayingwehavetoletthingsgointheirnaturalcourse.Beingtooanxioustohelpaneventdevelopoften40(result)inthecontrarytoourintention。

(2008广东)分析:因句中Beingtooanxioustohelpaneventdevelop是动名词短语作主语,括号中的result应当为谓语动词;主语与谓语动词是主动关系,再说短语动词resultin本身是不能用于被动语态的,故用主动语态;根据语境,这段话是拔苗助长这个成语故事所说明的道理,“我们必须让事物沿着它们的自然进程发展。太着急帮助一件事物发展,结果往往和我们的意图相反(欲速则不达)。”这是客观真理,应当用一般现在时,主语是第三人称单数,故填results。例2:Thepoliceman’sattentionwassuddenlycaughtbyasmallboxwhich(place)。

(东undertheMinister’scar广200)5分析:替代thebox的关系代词which在定语从句中作主语,place应当为谓语动词;因主语which(thebox)与place(放置)是被动关系,故用被动语态;又因place这个动作发生在wascaught这个动作之前,即“过去的过去”,用过去完成时的被动语态,故填hadbeenplaced。1专业资料整理WORD格式一、单句填空:用所给动词的适当形式填空。

ry江1.Thehousebelongstomyauntbutshe(notlive)hereanymore.(全国I)2.Thismachine(notwork).Ithasn’tworkedfo浙ea)rs.(3.Iftheirmarketingplanssucceed,they(increase)theirsalesby20percent.(全国Ⅱ)4.Populationexpertspredictthatmostpeople(live)incitiesinthenearfuture.(上海春)5.He(play)footballregularlyformanyyearswhenhewasyoung。

(天津)6.HaveyouknownDr.Jacksonforalongtime?Yes,sinceshe(join)theChineseSociety.(宁夏)7.Teenagers(damage)theirhealthbecausetheyplaycomputergamestoomuch.(重庆)8.IcalledHnnahmanytimesyesterdayevening,butIcouldn’gtetthrough.Herbrother(talk)onthephoneallthetime!(湖南)9.Johnpromisedhisdoctorhe(notsmoke)。

andhehassmokedeversince.(北京)10.Bythistimetomorrow,I(lie)onthebeach.(11.Sofarthisyearwe(see)afallinhousepricesbybetween5and10percent.(福建)12.Thehotelwasn’tparticularlygood.ButI(stay)inmanyworsehote北ls京)13.Wefirstmetonatrainin2000.Webothfeltimmediatelythatwe(know)eachotherforyears.(辽宁)14。

I’msureAndrewwillwinthefirstprizeinthefinal.Ithinkso.He(prepare)foritformonths.(江苏)15.Thetelephone(ring),butbythetimeIgotindoors,itstopped.(四川)16.Didyougototheshowlastnight?Yeah.Everyboyandgirlinthearea(invite).(陕西)17.What’sthatnoise?Oh,Iforgottotellyou.Thenewmachine(test).(浙江)18.IliketheseEnglishsongsandthey(teach)manytimesontheradio.(安徽)19.Don’ttakethemagazineaway.It(belong)tome.20.Iwillgotoseemysonwhenhe(finish)thetrainingcourse.21.PerhapsitwillbealongtimebeforeTom(come)fromabroad.22.It’stimethatwe(take)someactiontoprotecttheenvironment.23.Oftenastorm(follow)byacalm.24.Ifcitynoises(keep)fromincreasing。

peoplewillhavetoshouttobeheardevenatthedinnertable20yearsfromnow.25.Iboughtthisradioyesterday,butit(work).26.Afriendofmine(return)tohishouseafteraholidayonlytofindithadbeenbrokeninto.27.WhenJackarrivedhe(learn)Maryhadbeenawayforaboutanhour.28.WemissTedalot,forhe(kill)tryingtosaveachildinearthquake。

29.Shortlyafterwe(seat),awaitercameovertoourtablewithasmile.30.Ihaveleftthelightofmyofficeon,soI(go)backandturnitoff.31.Thenumberoftheguestswho(invite)totheweddingreaches800.2专业资料整理WORD格式32.Mr.Smithtoldusthathe(deliver)aspeechthenextweek。

33.Theprofessoraskedhisassistantwhetherhisreport(complete)inaweek.34.Ifeelitisyourhusbandwho(blame)forthespoiledchild.35.Selectingamobilephoneforpersonaluseisnoeasytaskbecausetechnology(change)sorapidly.36.Youcan’tmoveinrightnow.Thehouse(paint).37.Shirley(write)abookaboutChinalastyearbutIdon’tknowwhethershehasfinished。

38.Henryremainedsilentforamoment.He(think).39.Theybelievedthatbyusingcomputerstheproductionoftheirfactory(increase)greatly.40.Wewouldliketogoandthankhimourselves,butwe(notfind)outhisaddress.41.IwonderwhyJenny(write)usrecently.Weshouldhaveheardfromherbynow.42.Myfather(employ)atthisjobsince1990。

43.Theprice(fall)down,butIdoubtwhetheritwillremainso.44.Bytheendoflastyear,anothernewgymnasium(complete)inBeijing.45.Thelittlegirlcriedherheartoutbecauseshe(lose)hertoybearandbelievedshewasn’tevergoingtofindit.46.Isthisthethirdtimethatyou(be)late?47.He(write)thecompositionthewholemorningandheisstillworking。

48.He(learn)Englishforeightyearsbythetimehegraduatesfromtheuniversitynextyear.49.Bythistimetomorrowwe(repair)themachine.50.Thetelephone(ring)fourtimesinthelasthour,andeachtimeit(be)formyroommate.51.Helen(leave)herkeyintheofficesoshehadtowaituntilherhusband(come)home.52.I(think)theroomtobeemptybutfounditoccupied。

53.Visitors(request)nottotouchtheexhibits.54.They(catch)inasnowstormontheirwayhome.55.—MayIhaveawordwithMissAnna?—Sorry,she(talk)toherfriendonthephone.56.WhenNancywasatcollege,she(speak)threeforeignlanguages,butIamsurprisedtofindthatshe(forget)allexceptafewwordsofeach.57.BytheendofnextJulythisbuilding(complete)。

58.—Hurry,Mary!You(want)onthephone.—Oh,I(come).Thankyou,Mom.59.—Didyoumeetthepianistatthestation?—No,he(leave)bythetimeI(get)there.60..—Howistheboy?—Sorry.He(die)thoughthedoctormadeeveryefforttosavehim.61.—Bobmustbewealthy.—Yes,he(earn)moreinonedaythanIdoinaweek.3专业资料整理WORD格式62。

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