00238-道路安全全球现状报告-全文(英文)整理版

2021-01-05 13:35:00本页面

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00238-道路安全全球现状报告-全文(英文)整理版


【正文】ISBN9789241563840GLOBALSTATUSREPORTONROADSAFETYTIMEFORACTIONWorldHealthOrganizationDepartmentofViolencefax:+41227914857;e-mail:bookorderswho.int).RequestsforpermissiontoreproduceortranslateWHOpublicationswhetherforsaleorfornoncommercialdistributionshouldbeaddressedtoWHOPress。

1、attheaboveaddress(fax:+41227914806;e-mail:permissionswho.int).ThedesignationsemployedandthepresentationofthematerialinthispublicationdonotimplytheexpressionofanyopinionwhatsoeveronthepartoftheWorldHealthOrganizationconcerningthelegalstatusofanycountry,

2、territory,cityorareaorofitsauthorities,orconcerningthedelimitationofitsfrontiersorboundaries.Dottedlinesonmapsrepresentapproximateborderlinesforwhichtheremaynotyetbefullagreement.ThementionofspecificcompaniesorofcertainmanufacturersproductsdoesnotimplythattheyareendorsedorrecommendedbytheWorldHealthOrganizationinpreferencetoothersofasimilarnaturethatarenotmentioned。

3、Errorsandomissionsexcepted,thenamesofproprietaryproductsaredistinguishedbyinitialcapitalletters.AllreasonableprecautionshavebeentakenbytheWorldHealthOrganizationtoverifytheinformationcontainedinthispublication.However,thepublishedmaterialisbeingdistributedwithoutwarrantyofanykind。

4、eitherexpressedorimplied.Theresponsibilityfortheinterpretationanduseofthemateriallieswiththereader.InnoeventshalltheWorldHealthOrganizationbeliablefordamagesarisingfromitsuse.PrintedinSwitzerland.DesignedbyLIVComSrl.MadepossiblethroughfundingfromBloombergPhilanthropies。

5、ContentsPrefaceivAcknowledgementsvExecutivesummaryvii1.Background1Aninternationalresponsetoroadtrafficinjuryprevention42.Theneedforaglobalassessmentofroadsafety7Methodology83.Thestateofroadsafetyaroundtheworld11Roadtrafficinjuriesremainaglobalpublichealthproblem11thehighestburdenandroadtrafficdeathrates12vulnerableroadusers144。

6、Conclusions???References41Countryprofiles???Statisticalannex227iiiPrefaceTheGlobalstatusreportonroadsafetyreaffirmsourunderstandingofroadtrafficinjuriesasaglobalhealthTheGlobalstatusreportonroadsafetylanduseandurbanplanningaremade.WiththeGlobalstatusreportonroadsafetyofdataconfirmstherelevanceofthisissuetothesocietalchallengesoftoday。

7、ItivGLOBALSTATUSREPORTONROADSAFETYWHOheadquartersinGeneva:?WHOAfricanRegion:WHORegionoftheAmericas:WHOEasternMediterraneanRegion:WHOEuropeanRegion:?WHOSouth-EastAsiaRegion:WHOWesternPacificRegion:??????????????????????forthedevelopmentandpublicationofthisReport。

8、vExecutivesummaryOver1.2millionpeopledieeachyearontheworldsroads,andbetween20and50millionsuffernon-fatalinjuries.Inmostregionsoftheworldthisepidemicofroadtrafficinjuriesisstillincreasing.InthepastfiveyearsmostcountrieshaveendorsedtherecommendationsoftheWorldreportonroadtrafficinjurypreventionwhichgiveguidanceonhowcountriescanimplementacomprehensiveapproachtoimprovingroadsafetyandreducingthedeathtollontheirroads。

9、Todate,however,therehasbeennoglobalassessmentofroadsafetythatindicatestheextenttowhichthisapproachisbeingimplemented.ThisGlobalstatusreportonroadsafetyisthefirstbroadassessmentofthestatusofroadsafetyin178countries,usingdatadrawnfromastandardizedsurveyconductedin2008。

10、Theresultsprovideabenchmarkthatcountriescanusetoassesstheirroadsafetypositionrelativetoothercountries,whileinternationallythedatapresentedcancollectivelybeconsideredasaglobal“baseline”againstwhichprogressovertimecanbemeasured.TheGlobalstatusreportpresentsanumberofkeyfindings:??????countrieshavehigherroadtrafficfatalityrates(21。

11、5and19.5per100000population,respectively)thanhigh-incomecountries(10.3per100000).Over90%oftheworldsfatalitiesontheroadsoccurinlow-incomeandmiddle-incomecountries,whichhaveonly48%oftheworldsregisteredvehicles.Over90%oftheworldsfatalitiesontheroadsoccurinlow-incomeandmiddle-incomecountries。

12、whichhaveonly48%oftheworldsvehicles.viioverthelastfourtofivedecadesininjuryanddisability.??higherinthepoorereconomiesoftheincomecountriesoftheAmericasamongvulnerableroadusers.Thereportsuggeststhatnotenoughisbeingdonetomeettheneedsof????basiccriteriaforreducingspeedinofcountriesratetheenforcementoftheirspeedlimitsaseffective。

13、Trafficdifferentgroupsofroadusersarenoteffectiveatreducingroadtrafficinjuriesamongvulnerableroaduserscanalsohaveothereffectsonhealthsuchasimprovedrespiratoryactivity.??manycountries.Thedevelopmentandeffectiveenforcementoflegislationiscomprehensiveinscope。

14、1??????bloodalcoholconcentrationlimittheWorldreporthelmetsshouldmeetaspecificnationalorinternationalstandard.beltstobeusedbypassengersinbothenforcementagenciesaregivensufficienthumanandfinancialresourcestomountsustainableandeffectiveenforcementactivities。

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