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00238-道路安全全球现状报告-全文(英文).pdf

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ISBN 978 92 4 156384 0 GLOBAL STATUS REPORT ON ROAD SAFETY TIME FOR ACTION World Health Organization Department of Violence fax: +41 22 791 4857; e-mail: bookorderswho.int). Requests for permission to reproduce or translate WHO publications whether for sale or for noncommercial distribution should be addressed to WHO Press。

1、 at the above address (fax: +41 22 791 4806; e-mail: permissionswho.int). The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the World Health Organization concerning the legal status of any country,

2、 territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. The mention of specific companies or of certain manufacturers products does not imply that they are endorsed or recommended by the World Health Organization in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned。

3、 Errors and omissions excepted, the names of proprietary products are distinguished by initial capital letters. All reasonable precautions have been taken by the World Health Organization to verify the information contained in this publication. However, the published material is being distributed without warranty of any kind。

4、 either expressed or implied. The responsibility for the interpretation and use of the material lies with the reader. In no event shall the World Health Organization be liable for damages arising from its use. Printed in Switzerland. Designed by L IV Com Srl. Made possible through funding from Bloomberg Philanthropies。

5、 Contents Preface iv Acknowledgements v Executive summary vii 1. Background 1 An international response to road traffi c injury prevention 4 2. The need for a global assessment of road safety 7 Methodology 8 3. The state of road safety around the world 11 Road traffi c injuries remain a global public health problem 11 the highest burden and road traffi c death rates 12 vulnerable road users 14 4。

6、 Conclusions??? References 41 Country profi les??? Statistical annex 227 iii Preface The Global status report on road safety reaffi rms our understanding of road traffi c injuries as a global health The Global status report on road safety land use and urban planning are made. With the Global status report on road safety of data confi rms the relevance of this issue to the societal challenges of today。

7、 It iv GLOBAL STATUS REPORT ON ROAD SAFETY WHO headquarters in Geneva: ? WHO African Region: WHO Region of the Americas: WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region: WHO European Region:? WHO South-East Asia Region: WHO Western Pacifi c Region: ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? for the development and publication of this Report。

8、 v Executive summary O ver 1.2 million people die each year on the worlds roads, and between 20 and 50 million suffer non-fatal injuries. In most regions of the world this epidemic of road traffi c injuries is still increasing. In the past fi ve years most countries have endorsed the recommendations of the World report on road traffi c injury prevention which give guidance on how countries can implement a comprehensive approach to improving road safety and reducing the death toll on their roads。

9、 To date, however, there has been no global assessment of road safety that indicates the extent to which this approach is being implemented. This Global status report on road safety is the fi rst broad assessment of the status of road safety in 178 countries, using data drawn from a standardized survey conducted in 2008。

10、 The results provide a benchmark that countries can use to assess their road safety position relative to other countries, while internationally the data presented can collectively be considered as a global “baseline” against which progress over time can be measured. The Global status report presents a number of key fi ndings: ?? ???? countries have higher road traffi c fatality rates (21。

11、5 and 19.5 per 100 000 population, respectively) than high-income countries (10.3 per 100 000). Over 90% of the worlds fatalities on the roads occur in low-income and middle-income countries, which have only 48% of the worlds registered vehicles. Over 90% of the worlds fatalities on the roads occur in low-income and middle-income countries。

12、 which have only 48% of the worlds vehicles. vii over the last four to fi ve decades in injury and disability. ?? higher in the poorer economies of the income countries of the Americas among vulnerable road users. The report suggests that not enough is being done to meet the needs of ???? basic criteria for reducing speed in of countries rate the enforcement of their speed limits as effective。

13、 Traffi c different groups of road users are not effective at reducing road traffic injuries among vulnerable road users can also have other effects on health such as improved respiratory activity. ?? many countries. The development and effective enforcement of legislation is comprehensive in scope。

14、1? ????? blood alcohol concentration limit the World report helmets should meet a specific national or international standard. belts to be used by passengers in both enforcement agencies are given sufficient human and financial resources to mount sustainable and effective enforcement activities。

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