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工业设计 外文翻译 外文文献 英文文献 北欧家具设计定稿


【正文】

Reference: JudithGuraThames&HudsonLtd.ScandinavianFurniture:ASourcebookofClassicDesignsforthe21stCentury.200711 MikeRoemer.INTERIORANDFURNITUREDESIGN.ThamesHudsonPress.2005 SCANDINAVIANFURNITUREDESIGN Scandinaviandesignis30yearsinthe20thcenturyHavingachievedgreatsuccess,andacquiredaninternationalreputationfordesign。

Thestyleisconcerned,theScandinaviandesignisthefunctionofdoctrine,butnotasstringentasthe20thcentury,30yearsanddoctrines. asstringentasthe20thcentury,30yearsanddoctrines.Geometricformofsoften,andedgesarefairingintoSshapedcurveorwavylines,oftendescribedas"organicform",sothattheformofmorehumaneandangry。

BeforethewarwithBauhausfunctionalismasthecenter40yearsinthe20thcentury,underthedifficultconditionsofmaterialdeprivationiswidelyaccepted,butbythemid20thcentury,40,functionalismhasbeengraduallyincludesanumberofpracticalandstylechanges.ThesechangeslefttheBauhauspuregeometricformsand"works"thelanguageofaesthetics。

mostnotablytheScandinaviandesign.Asearlyas1930,theStockholmFair,Germany,Scandinaviandesignwillbeastrictfunctionalismandlocalartsandcraftsinthehumanisttraditionofintegratingtheirtogether.Inthe1939NewYorkInternationalExposition,butalsoestablishedthe"SwedishModernstyle,"astheconceptofaninternationalstatus。

Afterthe20thcentury,40yearsafteradifficultperiod,Scandinaviandesigninthe20thcentury,50yearsproducedanewleapforward.Itssimpleandorganicshapeandnaturalcolorandtextureverypopularintheinternationalarena.MilanTriennialin1954,theinternationaldesignexhibition,Scandinaviandesignshowanewlook,theparticipationofSweden。

Denmark,FinlandandNorwayhaveachievedgreatsuccess.Thedesignofthesecountriesafterthewar,theorganizationimplementedapolicyofcooperation,theirfirstmajorachievementwascalled"ScandinavianDesign"exhibition.ArtsFoundationintheUnitedStatesunderthesponsorshipofthisexhibitionfrom19541957inNorthAmericain22years。

thecitysmainmuseumsaroundtheworld,thusmaking"Scandinaviandesign"theimageofthewidelypopularintheinternationalcommunity.FunctionoftheScandinavianmoderndesignmovement,thecountriesinthedesignorganizationatthenationalorlocallevel,heldalargenumberofexhibitions,the20thcentury,theseactivitieshavebecomeakeyfeatureofthe50s。

ScandinaviandesignoftheYear,heldalternatelyinvariouscountries,affectingawiderange,which,togetherwiththepublicationsandperiodicalsforthedesignoftheexchangesmadeasignificantcontribution.Designorganizationsnotonlyexhibitions,theyarealsoanimportantadvocateinthisareadesignedtoencouragemanufacturerstoinvestinacreativeproductdevelopment。

topersuadetheauthoritiestodesignpoliciestosupportitsexcellentdesign.Theyalsoinspirepublicawarenessofgooddesignandeverydayusemorebeautifulthing,andthis50to60forthe20thcentury,theearlydesigndevelopmentplayedanimportantrole.Inadditiontodesigningtheorganizationefforts,dominatedthe20thcentury,50yearsofsocialandeconomiclifeofthedevelopmentofthepowerofdesignhasamoreprofoundimpact。

withtheprocessofindustrializationandurbanization,thewholepopulationstructurehaschanged.Continuouslyimprovethestandardoflivingaffectedthemajorityofthepeopleandtheirwayoflife,resultinginwidespreadoptimismandconfidenceforthedevelopmentandprogress.Newideasbegintogaintraction,suchasthattheordinarypeoplehavetherighttoenjoythecomfortofhome。

thefamilyisnotonlyhealthy,butalsomeetsthefunctionalandaestheticrequirements.Inthe20thcentury,50s,theultimatewelfarestatebuiltupinScandinavia.The20thcentury,40yearsinordertoreflecttheethniccharacteristicsarisingfromasenseofnostalgia,oftenshowingthepristinecountryside,contributedtothissofteningtrend.Earlyfunctionalismadvocatedbytheprimarycolorforthe20thcentury。

40yearstoreconcilethecolorgraduallyreplacedbyamorecoarsetextureandnaturalmaterialsbytheirfavoritedesigners.After1945,anotherretrotrendtheDanishtraditionofexcellentcraftsmanshipinSwedenandNorwayhavealsobeenstrengthened.The20thcentury,50years,agroupofprewardesigners,suchastheprestigiousHenningsen,Klandt。

mamMarsden,Aalto,etc.arestillwalkingintheforefrontofthedesign.Forexample,Henningsen,designedafterthewar,anumberofnewPHlamps,inparticular,hedesignedaPH5,andPHArtichokependantlamphasachievedgreatsuccessandhassoldbriskly.Theotherhand,youngdesignershavealsocometothefore,thuspromotedtheScandinaviandesignoffurtherdevelopment。

Scandinaviandesignofthehumantouchisalsoreflectedinthedesignofindustrialequipment,inthisrespectSwedishindustrialdesignermadealotofwork.From1965onwards,fromSweden,consistingofsixdesigners"designteam"involvedinSolna,thecompanysoffsetprintingproductionlinedevelopmentanddesignwork,theyoperateontheproductionlineprocesscarriedoutadetailedergonomicanalysisandredesignthesigns。

symbols,instructionsandmanipulatingthehandle,sothatworkingconditionshavebeengreatlyimproved. Danishfurnituredesignhasatraditiondatingbackalmost450years.In1554,anumberofcabinetmakersfoundedKoebenhavnsSnedkerlaug(TheCopenhagenGuildofCabinetmakers)withthedualpurposeofcreatinghighqualityfurnitureandofprotectingthetradefrompoorcraftsmenbyestablishingformaltrainingforcabinmakers。

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