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冠词用法PPT.ppt

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冠词,一、冠词的归类:,不确定冠词:,定冠词:,a,an,the,1,【大纲讲解】冠词是一种虚词的用法,无词意,都没有数和格的转变,不可以单独应用,经常放到专有名词前,协助表明这一专有名词的实际意义。冠词尽管仅有三个,归属于“小品词”,却以其在英语语言表达中应用极经常、用法极灵便,出题者常拿其大作文章。冠词是历年的考察关键,主要考察下列好多个层面:1.不确定冠词a/an表示某些或特指的用法2.定冠词the专指某一个人或物的用法3.不确定冠词和定冠词在固定搭配中的用法4.零冠词(即省去冠词)表明特指以及习惯性配搭用法5.冠词在表明类型专有名词前的用法6.不确定冠词在细化抽象名词前的用法7.冠词在比较级前的用法8。

冠词在别的独特构造中的用法,2,a和an的差别,a用以辅音音素(并不是辅音字母)开始的词前,an用以元音音素(并不是元音字母)开始的词前,要留意的用法有:,1、在英文字母:a,o,i,e,f,h,l,m,n,r,s,x前得用an,eg:Thereis“l”intheword“world”.,2、在一部分数词前得用an.关键有:8,18,80,800,11,等。,eg:80yearoldmancrossedthewallsuccessfully.,e.g.bookeggusefulbookundergroundroom。

a,an,a,an,an,An,3,3、一部分英语单词虽以元音字母开始,但音标发音并不是元音音标开始,只有用a。一部分英语单词虽以辅音字母开始,但音标发音是以元音音标开始,只有用an。,eg:Europeancountryuniversityusefulwayoneyearbaby,hourhonestboy,a,a,a,a,an,an,4,1.Itisgenerallyacceptedthatboymustlearntostandupandfightlikeman.a;aB.a;theC.the;theD.a;不填2。

Ashereachedfrontdoor,Jacksawstrangesight.the;不填B.a;theC.不填;aD.the;a3.Incommunication,asmileisusuallystrongsignofafriendlyandopenattitude.the,/B.a,anC.a,/D.the,an4.Jumpingoutofairplaneattenthousandfeetisquiteexcitingexperience.A./。

theB./;anC.an;anD.the;the,规律小结:a(an)可数名词奇数表特指,或是第一次提及的人、物前加a,5,1.HowaboutChristmaseveningparty?Ishouldsayitwassuccess.A.a;aB.The;aC.a;不填D.the;不填)Whatdoyouthinkofthemanagerofyourcompany?Oh,heismanagerwhospleasanttoworkwith.Itspleasuretoworkwithhim。

Athe;aBa;aCa;theD/;a3.Onewaytounderstandthousandsofnewwordsistogaingoodknowledgeofbasicwordformation.A./B.theC.aD.one4.walkisexpectedtolastallday,sobringpackedlunch.AA;aBThe;/CThe;aDA;/,规律小结:在一些抽象名词前面不确定冠词可使抽象名词细化表明感情、心态的词前面a,注重实际的人或事,常用语有surprise、pleasure、honor、pity、pride、comfort、success、danger、failure等。

表明“一份”“一杯”“一种”“一阵”等含意,常与形容词组成语句,专有名词前经常出现形容词修饰,6,1.Ifwesitnearfrontofthebus,wellhavebetterview.A.不填;theB.不填;aC.the;aD.the;the2.Wecanneverexpectbluerskyunlesswecreatelesspollutedworld.a;aB.a;theC.the;aD.the;the3.Inordertofindbetterjob,hedecidedtostudysecondforeignlanguage。

the;aB.a;aC.the;theD.a;the4.Whenyoufinishreadingthebook,youwillhavebetterunderstandingoflife.A.a;theB.the;aC.不填;theD.a;不填,规律小结:比较级前面不确定冠词,表明更全世界独一无二的专有名词乃至一些抽象名词以前如果有形容词修饰,可加不确定冠词。如:aredsun一轮红日,7,1.Firstimpressionsarethemostlasting.Afterall,younevergetsecondchancetomakefirstimpression。

a;theB.the;theC.a;aD.the;a2.Thecakesaredelicious.Hedliketohavethirdonebecausesecondoneisrathertoosmall.A.a;aB.the;theC.a;theD.the;a3.Someoftheexercisesappeartobeonesthatyouhavedone,butaftertakingsecondlook,youwillfindthattheyaredifferent。

A/;theBthe;theCthe;aD/;a,规律小结:序数词前面不确定冠词,表明再一,又一,等同于another,不表次序,8,1.Oh,John.yougaveus!A.HowapleasantsurpriseB.HowpleasantasurpriseC.WhatpleasantasurpriseD.Whatpleasantsurprise2.Whataboutbook?Itstoodifficultbook.A.a;aB.a;theC.the;theD.the;a,规律小结:不确定冠词常见在quite/rather/half/many/such/whata/an修饰词奇数可数名词。

so(as,too,how)修饰词a/an奇数可数名词构造中,9,1.ItssaidJohnwillbeinajobpayingover60,000year.Right,hewillalsogetpaidbyweek.the;theB.a;theC.the;aD.a;a2.Theymeteachotheroncemonth.AtheB/CaDan3.Theenvelopesareoneyuandozen.AaBanCtheD/,规律小结:用以表明价钱、速率、比例、净重、长短、時间等专有名词以前。

有“每一”之义,等同于each,every,10,1.Hello,couldIspeaktoMr.Smith?Sorry,wrongnumber.ThereisntMr.Smithhere.不填B.aC.theD.one2.IknewJohnLennon,butnotfamousone.A.不填;aB.a;theC.不填;theD.the;a3.Lookingback,wehavereasonstobelievethatmoreprosperousandstrongerChinawillsurelymakenewcontributionstocivilizationofmankind。

Aa;aBa;theCthe;theDthe;a4.Rosadidntremembertheexactdateofthestorm,butsheknewitwasSundaybecauseeverybodywasatchurch.A/;theBa;/C/;aDthe;/,规律小结:用以姓名、地名大全等专业名词前,意为“某一叫的人”,“一个像的人”,“一个的地区”等。等同于some。,11,Whatdoyouthinkofquestion?Well,mostdifficultoneindeed.A/。

theB/;aCthe;aDthe;the,规律小结:most前也能加不确定冠词,这时候,most表明“十分”。,12,习惯性用法:havearest,haveabreak,takeawalk,havealook,inamoment,inaminute,onceuponatime,twiceamonth,fourtimesanhour,alittle,afew,alot,atypeof,apile,agreatmany,manya,asarule,inahurry,inaword。

inashortwhile,afterawhile,haveacold,haveatry,ataloss,allofasudden,tellalie,dosb.afavour,13,定冠词的用法,14,1.Thebiggestwhaleisbluewhale,whichgrowstobeabout29meterslongtheheightof9storybuilding.Athe;theBa;aCa;theDthe;a2.pandaisoneofremainingendangeredanimalsintheworld。

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