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20xx年职称英语《理工A》真题及答案.doc

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2014 年职称英语《理工 A 》考试真题 及答案 第 1 一部分 语汇选择项 下边每一个句子中都有 1 个词或语句划有底水平线,请为每处划线一部分明确一个实际意义更为贴近的选择项。 1.This was disaster on cosmic scale . A.modest B.commercial C.huge D.national 2.New secretaries came and went with monotonous regularity . A.amazing B.depressing C.predictable D.dull 3.A person ’ s wealth is often in inverse proportion to their happiness。

A.equal B.certain C.large D. opposite 4.His professional career spanned 16 years . A.started B.changed C.lasted D.mo ved 5.The symptoms of the disease manifested themselves ten days later . A.eased B.improved C.relieved D.appeared 6.The group does not advocate the use of violence . A.limit B.support C。

regulate D.oppose 7.She felt that s he had done her good deed for the day . A.act B.homework C.justice D.model 8.Some of the larger birds can remain stationary in the air for several minutes . A.motionless B.silent C.seated D.true 9.There was an inclination to t reat geography as a less important subject 。

A.point B.result C.finding D.tendency 10.His stomach felt hollow with fear . A.sincere B.respectful C.empty D.terrible 11.The committee was asked to render a report on the housing s ituation . A.copy B.publish C.summarize D.furnish 12.That uniform makes the guards look absurd . A.serious B.beautiful C。

impressive D.ridiculous 13.The department deferred the decision for six months . A.put off B.arrived at C.abided by D.protested against 14.The original experiment cannot be exactly duplicated . A.invented B.reproduced C.designed D.reported 15.The country was torn apart by strife . A.conflict B.poverty C。

war D.economy 第 2 一部分阅读文章分辨 下边的小短文列举了 7 个句子 请依据小短文的內容对每一个句子作出分辨:假如该句提及的是恰当信息,请选择 A; 假如该句出示的信息是不正确的,请选择 B; 假如该句的信息原文中沒有谈及,请选择 C 。 Experience the World in 三维 Game Ever wondered how your cat or dog sees theworld? Now you can look through their eyes with the first 三维 game thatrecreates the vision of different species based on scientific evidence。

The online simulation, created by the French3D design company Dassault Syst è mes, with the guidanceof veterinary ophthalmologist ( 眼科医生 )DidierSchmidt Morand, mimics ( 效仿 )the vis ion of five animals – cats dogs, rats, hawks and bees – as aplayer steers them through Place Vend 洀攀 in Paris. Due to differences in field of view。

colourperception and night vision, for example, sight can be drastically differentfrom species to specie s. "In terms of performance, eyes are as variable asdifferent models of cars," says Schmidt Morand. The game was created by using existingvirtual models of the square then applying effects based on descriptions ofeach animal's vision。

Dassault's 三维 so ftware allows a scene to be modified byadding blur or changing the colours, angle of vision and depth of field. Although it was easy to recreate visioninferior to that of humans – cats and dogs, forexample, have trouble distinguishing shades of red – r eplicating features that we are unable to see was a challenge。

Hawks have moredetailed vision than ours, whereas dogs are better at seeing movement and havea wider field of view. "We used virtual cameras to precisely simulatelarger viewing angles but the r esult made people nauseous( 令人恶心的 )," says Schmidt Morand. "So we tweaked( 调整 ) the model to give a sense of the wider view without sticking toreality。

" The rat's view also departs from reality:because they are near sighted, everything more than 15 centim etres away is ablur, so they typically move close to walls to help them navigate. "A ratwould never throw itself into the middle of an open area," saysSchmidt Morand. The simulation for this animal is supplemented with a map inthe top right corner to help determine the rat's position: because of theirlimited eyesight。

most landmarks are obscured. The game is intended as an educationalresource and players can discuss their experience with others through communityfeatures on the website. If there is inte rest from schools and zoos, the teamhopes to recreate the vision of more animals. 16. The game developed by Dassault Systemesis the first 三维 game recreating the vision of different species 。

A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned 17.Dassault ’ s3D software takes different perspectives like color perception and angle of visioninto account . A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned 18.The animals ’ viewsin the software are the same as those in reality . A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned 1 9. Dogs have larger viewing angles thanhumans 。

A. Right B. Wrong C. Notmentioned 20.It takes the team the longest time torecreate the rat ’ s view because they ’ re near sighted . A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned 21.The team is working o n recreating thevision of more animals . A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned 22.Schmidt Morand ’ sfavorite animal is cat 。

A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned 第 3 部分、概括大意与完成句子 23. Paragraph 2 B 24. Paragraph 3 C 25. Paragraph 4 D 26. Paragraph 5 F A. Rising of sea levels B. Impact of burning fossil fuels C. Fast feedbacks D. Slow feedbacks E. Unpredictability of feedback processes F.A prediction of futu re climate change 27。

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